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楊文會的編藏思想=Yang Wenhui's Concepts of Compiling a Tripittaka
著者 方廣錩 (著)=Fang, Guang-chang (au.)
掲載誌 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
巻号n.13.1
出版年月日2000.05
ページ179 - 205
出版者中華佛學研究所=Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
出版サイト http://www.chibs.edu.tw/publication_tw.php?id=12
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese; 英文=English
ノートn.13.1為第13期卷上‧中文篇
キーワード楊文會; 大藏經; 清代佛教; Yang, Wenhui; Tripitaka; Buddhism in Qing Dynasty
抄録由於楊文會的編藏思想與他的佛學思想緊密相關,所以
本文首先對楊文會的佛學思想作了簡要的探索. 文章認
為,楊文會的佛學思想的產生與當時佛教界衰敗的實際
情況有緊密聯繫,他是為挽救當時衰敗的佛教及反對空
誕虛狂的學風而從事佛典的收集,整理,佛教義理的研
究,佛教人才的培養乃至佛法的弘傳等事業. 文章認為
,楊文會佛學思想學解立足《起信》,行修歸於淨土,相
當純實. 楊文會對禪宗相當推祟,但對禪宗的理解與傳統
不同,對清末頹廢的禪風則批評極為嚴厲,可以說,楊文
會的種種振興佛教的措施,首先是針對清末禪宗的種種頹
風而採取的. 文章認為,在楊文會看來,學佛的正路是由
信而解,由解而行,由行前證,最終歸於淨土. 在這裡,
研解義理是個必不可少的重要環節. 為此須鑽研經典
. 須收集,整理,與刻印流通經典. 楊文會由此義無反
顧地走上刻經,編藏這條艱辛的道路.

文章從編藏目的,取材標準,結構體系,普及實用及
工作方法五個方面研究了楊文會的編藏思想. 認為,
楊文會刻經編藏的目的是為振興中國佛教,進而將它
傳播到全世界. 因此屬於義理型藏經系統. 文章認為,
在取材標準方面,楊文會有維護正法傳統,收羅齊全資料,
注重章疏義理,遴選精良底本這麼幾個顯著的特點. 並高度
讚揚了他重視藏外典籍,重視中國章疏的遠見卓識. 在結構
體系方面,文章認為他繼承《開元釋教錄》與《閱藏知津》
的體系又有所發展. 不過沒能脫出中國傳統重大輕小的
窠臼. 楊文會提出的「以疏隸書」的原則至今仍有很大的
理論意義與實踐意義. 文章從裝幀,字體,提要,校勘等
諸方面分析了楊文會為使藏經更普及實用所做的努力,對
楊文會的認真精神作了高度評價. 並對楊文會根據實際情況
採用的工作方法作了詳述.

文章最後對楊文會編藏思想及其在今天的意義作了總結.

Summary
Because Yang Wenhui's concepts of compiling Tripitaka
were closely related to his concepts of Buddhism,this
paper gives a brief discussion on his concepts of
Buddhism. The author pointed out that the production
of Yang Wenhui's Buddhist concepts was closely connected
with the reality of the decline of Buddhism at that time.
Yang Wenhui undertook the collection and arrangement of
Buddhist sutras, the study of Buddhist doctrine,the
training of Buddhist talents, and the dissemination
of Buddha dharma in order to save the declining
Buddhism and to oppose the intellectual climate of
delusiveness and craziness. His understanding of
Buddhism was based on The Sastra on the Awakening
of Faith in Mahayana, and he practised the Pure Land
Buddhism. It is very pure and down-to-earth. Yang
Wenhui praised Ch'an Buddhism rather highly. But,
his understanding of Ch'an Buddhism was different
from the traditional one. He criticized the decadent
Ch'an custom of late Qing Dynasty very severely.
We can say that his various practices of reviving
Buddhism were to correct the various decadent
Ch'an custom of late Qing Dynasty. He opined that
the right path of learning the Buddha dharma is
from faith to understanding,from understanding to
practice,from practice to realization,and finally
to Pure Land. Herein,to study and understand the
doctrine is an important and unnegligible part of
the chain. Therefore,one must study the sutras.
Before that,the sutras should be collected,arranged,
printed,and distributed. Thus, Yang Wenhui took the
difficult task of compiling and printing the sutras and
Tripitaka with unbended courage.

The paper discusses Yang Wenhui's concepts of
compiling Tripitaka from five angles:The purpose of
compiling the Tripitaka, the standards of selecting
materials, the structural system,the distributive
utilization,and the methods of work. The purpose
of compiling the Tripitaka is to revive the Chinese
Buddhism,and then to spread to the whole world.
So,this belongs to the system of doctrinal Tripitaka.
The standards of selecting materials are to safeguard
the orthodoxy tradition,to collect complete materials,
to emphasize the explanation of doctrine,and to select
fine texts. This shows his emphasis on the sutras which
were not included in the previous Tripitaka, and on
the Chinese commentaries. In the structural system,
he inherited the system of Kai Yuan Shi Jiao Lu and
Yue Zang Zhi Jin and made a further development.
However,he didn't go beyond the old mode of emphasizing
the Mahayana and neglecting the Hinayana. His principle
of using the commentaries to group the sutras still has
very great theoretical and practical significance until
today. The paper places high evaluation on Yang
Wenhui's seriousness in compiling the Tripitaka. It also
comments on his methodology.

The conclusion summarizes Yiang Wuenhuei's concepts of
compiling Tripitaka and its significance today.

目次

(一)編藏目的
(二)取材標準
(1)維護正法傳統
(2)收羅齊全資料
(3)注重章疏義理
(4)遴選精良底本
(三)結構體系
(四)普及實用
ISSN10177132 (P)
ヒット数1613
作成日2001.02.22
更新日期2017.06.20



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