サイトマップ本館について諮問委員会お問い合わせ資料提供著作権について当サイトの内容を引用するホームページへ        

書目仏学著者データベース当サイト内
検索システム全文コレクションデジタル仏経言語レッスン博物館リンク
 


加えサービス
書誌管理
書き出し
彌陀淨土信仰對漢儒內心世界的影響=The Influence of Belief in Amitabha's Pure Land on the Inner World of Chinese Literati
著者 釋慧嚴 (著)=Shih, Huey-yen (au.)
掲載誌 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
巻号n.14
出版年月日2001.09
ページ159 - 183
出版者中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
出版サイト http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese; 英文=English
ノート全文:http://www.chibs.edu.tw/chibs/journal/JR-BJ001/14/159-181. htm
キーワード釋慧嚴=Shih, Huey-yen; 華嚴念佛; 王日休=Wang, Ri-xiu; 彭際清=Peng, Ji-qing; 魏源=Wei, Yuan; the inner world of Chinese Literati; 漢儒心靈世界; mindfulness of the Buddha according to the Huayen Sutra
抄録阿彌陀佛淨土的信仰,出現在印度佛教史上,應是紀元前後時. 其經緯,是因釋迦世尊涅槃後,以佛塔為追思的地方,而形成了崇拜佛陀的佛塔信仰,後,由此逐漸浮現見佛的思想. 因此,約在孔雀王朝阿育王在位 (紀元前268 ~ 232年),或至遲到紀元前二世紀時,由四聖諦苦集滅道的道諦,即八正道,也就是所謂古仙人道的教義,產生了過去七佛的觀念. 接著紀元前二世紀末葉,未來彌勒佛的概念也成立了,自此至西曆紀元時,現在賢劫的觀念也出現了. 原本在原始佛教的時代,是一時一世界無二佛的,但現在賢劫的觀念出現後,現在此娑婆世界雖是無佛存在,但十方世界有無數的現在佛,則被肯定. 因此在此娑婆世界無佛之世,欲求覺悟,遂發展出二種成佛之道. 此二種,即(一) 信仰現在十方諸佛; (二) 獲得般若波羅蜜. 前者以阿彌陀佛為現在十方諸佛的代表之一. 後者則發展成見法者見我的法身佛見佛的般若思想. 如此這兩股思想,信仰在紀元120年至150年間結合在一起,形成《般舟三昧經》<行品> 的形態,且在《無量壽經》中,也蘊含了般若中觀的思想.

如此的思想信仰,在支婁迦讖等西北印度僧侶,佛教信徒,因西北印度貴霜王朝胡為色迦王的毀佛,而往東遷移,來到洛陽. 由於如此的因緣,般若系統及彌陀淨土教的經典,可以說同時傳入了洛陽,也因此漢人知識份子,即漢儒接觸到了如此的思想信仰. 從東晉慧遠大師於東晉安帝元興元年 (紀元402) 7月28日,與劉遺民等一百二十三位名賢高僧,於廬山之陰般若臺精舍阿彌陀佛像前,依據《般舟三昧經》結社修念佛三昧起,至清朝彭際清,魏源,楊仁山諸居士等的時代為止,阿彌陀佛的淨土教,對他們,即漢人的知識份子的心靈,應有相當的滋潤作用,也就是說在他們的內心世界裡,阿彌陀佛的淨土思想,應具相當的影響力.
因此,拙文想就以下幾個課題來作探討. 這些課題,是(一) 彌陀淨土經論中的般若,華嚴思想,(二) 慧遠,曇鸞二師的迴心淨土,(三) 漢儒王日休,彭際清,魏源的彌陀淨土信仰. 筆者擬就上揭課題的探討,以了解漢儒因信仰彌陀淨土後的心靈世界.

The Amitabha Pure Land faith appeared most likely in the first century B.C. After the Lod Buddha passed into parinirvana, stupa became the place of remembrance and thus the stupa faith of worshipping the Buddha was formed. Later on,the thought of seeing the Buddha emerged gradually. During the reign of King Asoka of Maurya Dynasty or at latest the second century B.C,the concept of the past seven Buddhas was created out of the truth of the path leading to the cessation of suffering,one of the Four Noble Truths, i.e. the truth of suffering,the truth of the causes of suffering,the truth of the cessation of suffering,and the truth of the path leading to the cessation of suffering. The truth of the path leading to the cessation of suffering is the Eightfold Noble Path or the so-called the teaching of the ancient yogi's path. At the end of the second century B.C,the concept of the future Maitreya Buddha was also formed. Until the first century C.E,the concept of the present bhadra kalpa appeared. In the time of Primitive Buddhism,the concept is one time,one world,and one Buddha. But,now the concept of the present bhadra kalpa asserted the existence of numerous present Buddhas in the worlds of ten directions despite the non-existence of the Buddha in this Saha world. So,if one wants to seek for enlightenment in the age of no Buddha in this Saha world,there are two ways:1. To have faith in the present Buddhas of ten directions, and 2. To obtain prajna paramita. In the first way,Amitabha Buddha is one of the representatives of the present Buddhas of ten directions. In the second way,the prajna thought that dharmakaya Buddha means seeing the Buddha was developed out of the concept that seeing the dharma means seeing the Buddha. These two streams of thought and faith merged in the period between 120A.D and 150A.D,and developed into the style of the Chapter of Practice in Pratyutpanna-samadhi Sutra. In the meantime,the Sukhavati-vyuha Sutra also contained the thought of Prajna Madhyamika. Such thought and faith were carried to Loyang of China by Lokasema and other northwestern savgha and Buddhists of northwestern India because of the incident of destroying Buddhism by King Huvishka of Kushan Dynasty. As a result,the sutras of both prajna thought and Amitabha pure land Buddhism were introduced into Loyang at the same time. Thus, the Chinese intellectuals got in touch with such thought and faith. Since Master Hui-yuan,Liu Yi-min and other monks and lay people of Eastern Tsin Dynasty followed the Pratyutpanna-samadhi Sutra to establish a society to practise the samadhi of recollecting the Buddha in front of the statue of Amitabha Buddha at Prajna Plateau in the north side of Mt. Lu-shan on the 28th day of the 7th month of 402C.E until the time of Peng Jiqing,Wei Yuan,Yang Renshan and other lay people of Ch'ing Dynasty,the Amitabha pure land Buddhism might exert considerable function of enrichment or impact upon the minds of Chinese Literati. This paper aims to understand the inner world of the Chinese Literati by investigating following topics:1. The thought of prajna and H
目次一. 彌陀淨土經論中的般若華嚴思想
二. 慧遠,曇鸞二師的迴心淨土
三. 漢儒王日休,彭際清,魏源的彌陀淨土信仰
(一) 王日休的儒佛生涯
(二) 彭際清的由儒向佛
(三) 今文學家魏源的淨土教信仰
四. 結論
ISSN10177132 (P)
研究種類佛教-信仰
研究年代中國-無
研究地域中國
ヒット数1216
作成日2001.10.19
更新日期2018.02.27



Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac)での検索をお勧めします。IEではこの検索システムを表示できません。

注意:

この先は にアクセスすることになります。このデータベースが提供する全文が有料の場合は、表示することができませんのでご了承ください。

修正のご指摘

下のフォームで修正していただきます。正しい情報を入れた後、下の送信ボタンを押してください。
(管理人がご意見にすぐ対応させていただきます。)

シリアル番号
350604

検索履歴
フィールドコードに関するご説明
検索条件ブラウズ