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Liberation as Revolutionary Praxis: Rethinking Buddhist Materialism
著者 Shields, James Mark
掲載誌 Journal of Buddhist Ethics
巻号v.20
出版年月日2013
ページ461 - 499
出版者Department of History & Religious Studies Program , The Pennsylvania State University
出版サイト http://history.psu.edu
出版地University Park, PA, US
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
ノートJames Mark Shields, Associate Professor of Comparative Humanities & Asian Thought, Bucknell University.
抄録Although it is only in recent decades that scholars have begun to reconsider and problematize Buddhist conceptions of “freedom” and “agency,” the thought traditions of Asian Buddhism have for many centuries struggled with questions related to the issue of “liberation”—along with its fundamental ontological, epistemological and ethical implications. With the development of Marxist thought in the mid to late nineteenth century, a new paradigm for thinking about freedom in relation to history, identity and social change found its way to Asia, and confronted traditional religious
interpretations of freedom as well as competing Western ones. In the past century, several attempts have been made—in India, southeast Asia, China and Japan—to bring together Marxist and Buddhist worldviews, with only moderate success (both at the level of theory and practice). This paper analyzes both the possibilities and problems of a “Buddhist materialism” constructed along Marxian lines, by focusing in particular on Buddhist and Marxist conceptions of “liberation.” By utilizing the theoretical work of “radical Buddhist” Seno’o Girō, I argue that the root of the tension lies with conceptions of selfhood and agency—but that, contrary to expectations, a strong case can be made for convergence between Buddhist and Marxian perspectives on these issues, as both traditions ultimately seek a resolution of existential determination in response to alienation. Along the way, I discuss the work of Marx, Engels, Gramsci, Lukàcs, Sartre, and Richard Rorty in relation to aspects of traditional (particularly East Asian Mahāyāna) Buddhist thought.
ISSN10769005 (E)
ヒット数208
作成日2014.07.14
更新日期2017.07.13



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