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Madhyamaka Buddhist Philosophy
著者 Arnold, Dan ; Fieser, James ; Dowden, Bradley
掲載誌 The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
出版年月日2005
出版者The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP)
出版サイト http://www.iep.utm.edu/
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
抄録Madhyamaka and Yogācāra are the two main philosophical trajectories associated with the Mahāyāna stream of Buddhist thought. According to Tibetan doxographical literature, Madhyamaka represents the philosophically definitive expression of Buddhist doctrine. Stemming from the second-century writings of Nāgārjuna, Madhyamaka developed in the form of commentaries on his works. This style of development is characteristic of the basically scholastic character of the Indian philosophical tradition. The commentaries elaborated not only varying interpretations of Nāgārjuna’s philosophy but also different understandings of the philosophical tools that are appropriate to its advancement. Tibetan interpreters generally claim to take the seventh-century commentaries of Candrakīrti as authoritative, but Indian commentators subsequent to him were in fact more influential in the course of Indian philosophy. Madhyamaka also had considerable influence (though by way of a rather different set of texts) in East Asian Buddhism, where a characteristic interpretive concern has been to harmonize Madhyamaka and Yogācāra. Although perhaps most frequently characterized by modern interpreters as a Buddhist version of skepticism, Madhyamaka arguably develops metaphysical concerns. The logically elusive character of Madhyamaka arguments has fascinated and perplexed generations of scholars. This is surely appropriate with regard to a school whose principal term of art, “emptiness” (śūnyatā), reflects developments in Buddhist thought from the high scholasticism of Tibet to the enigmatic discourse of East Asian Zen.
目次1. Nāgārjuna and the Paradoxical “Perfection of Wisdom” Literature
2. The Basic Philosophical Impulse
a. The “Two Truths” in Buddhist Abhidharma
b. The Interminability of Dependent Origination
c. Ethics and the Charge of Nihilism
3. The Question of Self-contradiction and the Possible Truth of Mādhyamika Claims
4. Historical Development of Indian Schools of Interpretation
5. More on the Svātantrika-Prāsaṅgika Difference: Madhyamaka and Buddhist Epistemology
6. Madhyamaka in Tibet
7. Madhyamaka in East Asia
8. References and Further Reading
ISSN21610002
ヒット数394
作成日2015.10.14
更新日期2015.10.14



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