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Dharmakīrti on the Role of Causation in Inference as Presented in Pramāṇavārttika Svopajñavṛtti 11–38
著者 Gillon, Brendan S. (著) ; Hayes, Richard P. (著)
掲載誌 Journal of Indian Philosophy
巻号v.36 n.3
出版年月日2008.06
ページ335 - 404
出版者Springer
出版サイト http://www.springer.com/gp/
出版地Berlin, Germany [柏林, 德國]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
ノートAuthor Affiliations: Department of Linguistics, McGill University, 1085 Dr Penfield Avenue, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 1A7; Department of Philosophy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA
キーワードInference; Causation; Natural relation; Absence; Non-apprehension; Induction; Dharmakīrti; Dignāga; Īśvarasena; Karṇakagomin
抄録In the svārthānumāna chapter of his Pramāṇavārttika, the Buddhist philosopher Dharmakīrti presented a defense of his claim that legitimate inference must rest on a metaphysical basis if it is to be immune from the risks ordinarily involved in inducing general principles from a finite number of observations. Even if one repeatedly observes that x occurs with y and never observes y in the absence of x, there is no guarantee, on the basis of observation alone, that one will never observe y in the absence of x at some point in the future. To provide such a guarantee, claims Dharmakīrti, one must know that there is a causal connection between x and y such that there is no possibility of y occurring in the absence of x. In the course of defending this central claim, Dharmakīrti ponders how one can know that there is a causal relationship of the kind necessary to guarantee a proposition of the form "Every y occurs with an x." He also dismisses an interpretation of his predecessor Dignāga whereby Dignāga would be claiming non-observation of y in the absence of x is sufficient to warrant to the claim that no y occurs without x. The present article consists of a translation of kārikās 11—38 of Pramānavārttikam, svārthānumānaparicchedaḥ along with Dharmakīrti's own prose commentary. The translators have also provided an English commentary, which includes a detailed introduction to the central issues in the translated text and their history in the literature before Dharmakīrti.
目次Introduction 336
Translation of Dharmakırti’s Verses 336
Translation of Dharmakırti’s Own Commentary on his Explanation of Inference for One’s Own Sake 338
PV 11 338
PV 12 339
PV 13 340
PV 14 341
PV 15 341
PV 16 341
PV 17 342
PV 18 342
PV 19 344
PV 19ab 344
PV 19c 344
PV 19d 345
PV 20ab 345
PV 20cd 345
PV 21 346
PV 22 347
PV 23ac 348
PV 23cd 348
PV 24 348
PV 25 348
PV 26 348
A.27ac 348
PV 27cd 349
PV 28 349
PV 29ab 351
PV 29cd 351
PV 30 351
PV 31 351
PV 32 351
PV 33ab 352
PV 33cd 353
PV 34ab 353
PV 34cd 353
PV 35 354
PV 36 355
PV 37 355
PV 38 355
Comments by Gillon and Hayes on Dharmakırti’s Commentary on his Explanation of Inference for One’s Own Sake 356
Background Information 356
Comments on Passages PVSV 11.1 Through 38.2 366
Notes to PVSV 11.1 366
Notes to PV 12.1 367
Notes to PVSV 12.2 368
Notes to PVSV 12.3 370
Notes to PVSV 12.4 372
Notes to PVSV 12.5. 373
Notes to PV 13 373
Notes to PV 14 373
Notes to PV 15.1 374
Notes to PV 16.1 375
Notes to PVSV 16.2 375
Notes to PVSV 16.2 375
Notes to PVSV 16.3 375
Notes to PVSV 16.4 375
Notes to PV 17.1 376
Notes to PV 17.2 376
Notes to PVSV 18.1 376
Notes to PVSV 18.2 377
Notes to PVSV 18.3 377
Notes to PVSV 18.4 378
Notes to PVSV 18.5 378
Notes to PVSV 18.6 378
Notes to PVSV 18.7 379
Notes to PVSV 19.1 379
Notes to PVSV 19.2 380
Notes to PVSV 20.1 381
Notes to PVSV 20.2 381
Notes to PVSV 20.3 382
Notes to PVSV 20.4 382
Notes to PVSV 20.5 383
Notes to PVSV 20.6 383
Notes to PVSV 21.1 383
Notes to PVSV 21.2 384
Notes to PV 22 386
Notes to PVSV 22.1 386
Notes to PVSV 22.2 386
Notes to PVSV 22.3 387
Notes to PVSV 22.4 387
Notes to PVSV 23.1 388
Notes to PVSV 23.2 389
Notes to PVSV 25.1 389
Notes to PVSV 26–27 390
Notes to PVSV 28.1 391
Notes to PVSV 28.2 391
Notes to PVSV 28.4 391
Notes to PV 29–30 392
Notes to PV 31–32 393
Notes to PVSV 33.1 393
Notes to PVSV 33.2 395
Notes to PVSV 33.3 396
Notes to PVSV 33.4–5 396
Notes to PV 34.1 397
Notes to PV 34.2 398
Notes to PV 34.3 399
Notes to PV 34.4 399
Notes to PV 35.1 400
Notes to PV 35.2 401
Notes to PV 35.3 401
Notes to PV 37.2 401
Notes to PV 37.3 401
Notes to PV 37.4 402
Notes to PV 38 402
Notes to PV 38.2 402
ISSN00221791 (P); 15730395 (E)
DOI10.1007/s10781-008-9034-z
ヒット数212
作成日2019.10.08
更新日期2023.10.20



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