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How Did Xuanzang Understand Dhāraṇī?: A View from His Translations
著者 McBride, Richard D., II
掲載誌 Hualin International Journal of Buddhist Studies
巻号v.3 n.1 Special Issue: Manuscript Studies and Xuanzang Studies
出版年月日2020.05
ページ318 - 347
出版者Cambria Press
出版サイト http://www.cambriapress.com/
出版地New York, US [紐約州, 美國]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
ノートThe author is Associate Professor of Asian & Near Eastern Languages at Brigham Young University.
キーワードXuanzang; dhāraṇī, dhāraṇī sūtras; translations; this-worldly benefits; healing rituals; fire rituals (homa); bodhisattva practices
抄録Xuanzang’s 玄奘 (ca. 602–664) chanting the Heart Sūtra and its spell for protection throughout his famed journey to the Indian kingdoms is well known. What is not well known is that in his biography recorded by his colleague Daoxuan 道宣 (596–667) in Further Lives of Eminent Monks (Xu Gaoseng zhuan 續高僧傳), his translation of the Sūtra on the Six Approach Spirit Spell (Liumen shenzhou jing 六門神呪經; aka Sūtra on the Six Approach Dhāraṇī [Liumen tuoluoni jing 六門陀羅尼經; Skt. Saṇmukhīdhāraṇī]) is listed among his important works and translations. Not counting his translation of the Heart Sūtra, Xuanzang translated nine dhāraṇī texts that have been preserved in the Koryŏ Buddhist Canon (and hence the Taishō Canon). Among these are arguably the earliest translations of the dhāraṇīs associated with Amoghapāśa, the lasso-wielding form of Avalokiteśvara, and the Eleven-Headed form of Avalokiteśvara. Because all translations are interpretations, something of Xuanzang’s view of dhāraṇī is preserved in these materials. Just as important, Xuanzang’s understanding of dhāraṇī was shaped by the translations he made. As his disciple Yancong’s 彥悰 (d. after 688) preface emphasizes, dhāraṇī (spell techniques or spellcraft; zhoushu 呪術), along with the practice of meditation and the observance of monastic discipline, is but one of the myriads of mainstream Buddhist ways leading to the one goal of dispelling illusion and benefiting living beings.
目次Benefits and Bliss 322
Dhāraṇī and Disease Treatment 326
Dhāraṇī and the Bodhisattva Path 334
ISSN25762923 (P); 25762931 (E)
DOIhttps://dx.doi.org/10.15239/hijbs.03.01.09
ヒット数22
作成日2021.03.23
更新日期2021.03.23



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