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経蔵のekaṃ samayaṃと律蔵のtena samayena=‘Ekaṃ Samayaṃ’ of the Suttapiṭaka and ‘Tena Samayena’ of the Vinayapiṭaka
著者 森章司 (著)=Mori, Shoji (au.)
掲載誌 印度學佛教學研究 =Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies=Indogaku Bukkyōgaku Kenkyū
巻号v.67 n.2 (總號=n.147)
出版年月日2019.03.20
ページ521 - 529
出版者日本印度学仏教学会
出版サイト http://www.jaibs.jp/
出版地東京, 日本 [Tokyo, Japan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語日文=Japanese
キーワード釈迦仏教; 経と律; 一時; 爾時; 六事成就; 仏弟子説
抄録The Suttapiṭaka and the Vinayapiṭaka record the historical achievements of Śākyamuni. Nevertheless, “who” did “what” to “whom” “where” were written in detail, but “when” was not specified. Why so?

Also, when this “when” is dated as ekaṃ samayaṃ (a certain time) in the Suttapiṭaka, the Vinayapiṭaka distinguishes it by expressing it as tena samayena (then). Why so?

Śākyamuni had a consciousness that he became Buddha as result of following the ancient road that was travelled by the various Buddhas of the past, attaining enlightenment that the various Buddhas had attained, and of preaching the teachings that the various Buddhas of the past had preached. Based on this awareness were the suttas preached. Therefore, the contents of the Suttapiṭaka are universal, and it is not good to be caught in time.

Meanwhile, Śākyamuni had the recognition that the dhamma was extinct because the Buddhas of the past did not preach the Pātimokkha. Under this awareness, he established the Vinayapiṭaka, legislative documents that he originally established for maintaining and developing his saṅgha. Time is an extremely important factor for the law, because the same act becomes a crime or not depending on when the law was enacted.

The Suttapiṭaka and the Vinayapiṭaka are canonical records. The Buddha’s disciples edited the suttas in a form not limiting time using ‘ekaṃ samayaṃ,’ and edited the rules in a way that limits “time” using ‘tena samayena’. This is a poor measure of trying to solve two conflicting requests at the same time. Tena samayena does not mean “when”. Therefore, there were no biographies of Buddha in Buddhism.
目次一 はじめに 521
二 六事成就 521
三 ekaṃ samayaṃ と tena samayena 524
四 問題の所在 525
五 上記問題についての筆者の見解 526
六 釈迦仏教と大乗仏教 527
ISSN00194344 (P); 18840051 (E)
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4259/ibk.67.2_521
ヒット数1
作成日2022.08.12
更新日期2022.08.12



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