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三昧水懺的肉食觀:兼論與梁武帝的肉食觀關係=View on a meat diet of "Samme sucham" -Regarding the view of the Chinese Emperor Wu of the Liang Dynasty on a meat diet-=三昧水忏的肉食观 - 兼论与梁武帝的肉食观关系 -
著者 黃夏年 (著)=Huang, Xia-nian (au.)
掲載誌 불교학보=佛教學報
巻号v.50 n.0
出版年月日2008.12
ページ99 - 130
出版者동국대학교 불교문화연구원=Institute for Buddhist Culture
出版サイト https://abc.dongguk.edu/kbri/
出版地Korea [韓國]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese
ノート著者所屬:中國社會科學院世界宗教研究所編審 世界宗教文化主編
キーワードChinese Buddhism; Danjuyukmun=斷酒肉文; Sammejabisuchambup=三昧慈悲修懺; eating meat; vegetable diet; rule of Buddhism; vegetable diet; repentance; not killing lives
抄録Chinese Buddhism is distinguished with its view on a meat diet. Since the Emperor Wu issued a royal edict called ‘Dan ju yuk mun’ 1,500 years ago, which forbade people to drink alcohols and eat meat, a vegetable diet has provided those who had left the mundane world and entered priesthood with an opportunity to become aware of their duties. This study compares and examines different views on a meat diet of Indian Buddhism and Chinese Buddhism based on historical documents and traditional Chinese ideas. A view on meat eating of Indian Buddhism manifests the traditional ideas of respecting life and the purity of Buddha’s teachings. A view on meat eating of Chinese Buddhism shows that traditional Chinese ideas such as filial piety, care of health and the idea of evolution of nature and mankind have permeated into Sakyamuni’s doctrines. Since the Emperor Wu period in China, a special practicing method of repentance called ‘Samme jabi suchambup’ had developed to wash away the sin. This practicing method had prevailed through Chih li and Zun Shi, leading figures of the Ti’en tai school in the Song Dynasty, to the Tang Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty and to the early Qing Dynasty. The analysis of the view on meat eating contained in the Chinese ‘Samme jabi suchambup’ shows that ‘Samme jabi suchambup’ clearly manifests the Emperor Wu’s thought about meat eating. He flatly objected to killing. It shows the significance of one of the most critical rules of Buddhism: do not kill life. His opinion was based on the idea that all living things are equal. An objection to killing is an objection to cruel behaviors towards living creatures. More important is that the tradition of not eating meat established in the Emperor Wu period had been maintained in the next generations. Since it was established during the Emperor Wu period, the rule of a vegetable diet for Chinese Buddhists had been developed into a self practice method, ‘Sucham’, which means practicing repentance. The idea of Emperor Wu and ‘Sucham’, which objects to human’s desire to please their palates by eating meat, suggests the objectives of world peace as well as the equilibrium in ecosystems. The insistence on controlling desires and not killing lives is worthy of notice because it is still vital in modern society.
目次I 內容提要 100
II 印度佛教的肉食觀 100
III 中國傳統文化中的肉食觀 107
IV 慈悲三昧水懺與三障 108
V 慈悲三昧水懺的肉食觀 112
VI 慈悲三昧水懺肉食觀的理論來源 116
VII 慈悲三昧水懺法注釋家對肉食觀思想的發揮 121
VIII 結語 124
ISSN12261386 (P)
ヒット数136
作成日2022.10.18
更新日期2022.10.18



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