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Buddhism, The Royal Imaginary and Limits in Warfare: The Moderating Influence of Precolonial Myanmar Royal Campaigns on Everyday Warriors
著者 Meister, Michael W. (著)
掲載誌 Contemporary Buddhism: An Interdisciplinary Journal
巻号v.22 n.1-2
出版年月日2021
ページ367 - 379
出版者Routledge
出版サイト https://www.routledge.com/
出版地Abingdon, UK [阿賓登, 英國]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
ノートMichael W. Charney is a military and imperial historian specialising in Southeast Asia in both the premodern and modern periods. He received his PhD at the University of Michigan in 1999. After two years as a postdoctoral research fellow with the Centre for Advanced Studies at the National University of Singapore (1999–2001), he joined the School of African and Oriental Studies, University of London.
キーワードBuddhism; Myanmr; armed conflict; state imaginaries
抄録Rules on the treatment of civilians and other non-combatants in conflict are often attributed to Western origins, particularly the increasingly widening circles of empathy that grew out of the European Enlightenment and found international implementation in the twentieth century. Nevertheless, such limits were pursued or encouraged by many non-Western societies as well, particularly amongst indigenous Americans. The present article examines the case of Myanmar and the ways in which the Myanmar court set limits on violence in administration and limits on warfare. These limits were not an imposition of the West but emerged entirely within the Myanmar-Buddhist historical experience. It is argued that these provide an existing, discernible and indigenous model for limiting violence in warfare in Myanmar society. The article also explains why this model was forgotten. The removal of the king and disintegration of the standing army that came with the end of indigenous rule in 1885 did away with crucial moderating influences, while the violence of the brutal Pacification Campaign from 1885 erased from Burmese social memory the idea that there could be limits in warfare.
目次Abstract 367
Introduction 367
The lack of limits in rural warfare 369
Limits on violence in rural administration 371
The beginning and end of indigenous ideas on limits in warfare 373
Conclusion 376
Notes 377
References 378
ISSN14639947 (P); 14767953 (E)
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1080/14639947.2022.2038029
ヒット数126
作成日2023.04.24
更新日期2023.04.24



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