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The Philosophy of Desire in the Buddhist Pali Canon
作者 Webster, David (著)
版本項1st Edition
出版日期2004.12
頁次288
出版者RoutledgeCurzon Press=Routledge=Curzon Press
出版者網址 http://www.routledge.com/
出版地London, England, UK [倫敦, 英格蘭, 英國]
資料類型書籍=Book; 電子書=E-Book
使用語言英文=English
附註項Routledge Curzon Critical Studies in Buddhism Series
關鍵詞佛教人物=Buddhist; 靜坐=Meditation; 禪修=Meditation
摘要David Webster explores the notion of desire as found in the Buddhist Pali Canon. Beginning by addressing the idea of a 'paradox of desire', whereby we must desire to end desire, the varieties of desire that are articulated in the Pali texts are examined. A range of views of desire, as found in Western thought, are presented as well as Hindu and Jain approaches. An exploration of the concept of ditthi(view or opinion) is also provided, exploring the way in which 'holding views' can be seen as analogous to the process of desiring. Other subjects investigated include the mind-body relationship, the range of Pali terms for desire, and desire's positive spiritual value. A comparative exploration of the various approaches completes the work.
目次List of abbreviations xiii

Introduction: desire, morality and approaches 1
Introduction: you cannot always get what you want 1
The paradox of desire 2
But what is ‘desire’? 4
Desire as problematic 7
Scope of this study 8
Approach and method 1: chapter outlines 8
Approach and method 2: key concepts 12
Approach and method 3: sources and textual issues 16
Conclusion: aspirations 16

1 Desire in Western thought 18
Introduction 18
An ancient lack 22
A striving after wind: Ecclesiastes and Judaeo-Christian thought 25
Shakespeare: love, death and desire 27
Surveying desire: Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke and Hume 29
Schopenhauer: the will and the world 30
Nietzsche to Deleuze: desire, will and power 35
Hegel and Butler 42
Sartre – desire and nothingness 43
The purification of desire: Theosophy 44
Mind-made desires 45
Conclusion 46

2 Desire in non-Buddhist Indian religion 49
Introduction 49
Desire in the Veda Samhitas 52
Desire as the enemy of the spiritual 57
Desire in the Bhagavad Gita 70
Sex, love and desire: the Kama Sutra 76
Jainism and desire: the calm fight against karma 81
Conclusion 86

3 Buddhism and desire: the varieties of desire 90
Introduction 90
Which Buddhism? 91
The redirection of desire 91
Desire and nibbana 94
Desire and the Buddha 97
The varieties of desire 98
The three roots of unskilful action (akusalamula) 100
Terms from the lobha list at Vibhakga 361–2 105
Terms not in the lobha list at Vibhakga 361–2 112
Some minor terms illustrative of desire 127
Tajha: craving and desire 129
Conclusion: landscapes of desire 140

4 Buddhism and desire: the dynamics of desire 143
Introduction 143
The nature of paticca-samuppada 146
Desire and paticca-samuppada 151
The mind–body relationship 158
The status of views: a structural analogy? 165
The problem with views 168
No-view or right-view? 171
Samma-ditthi – the nature of ‘Right-View’ 173
A paradox of views? 179
Desire and views: craving and ignorance 180
Reason and desire revisited 182
Conclusion 184

5 Conclusion: desire and the transformation of living 187
Introduction 187
Western perspectives 188
Brahmanic views: desire and ontological necessity 190
Buddhism and desire: an emerging position? 191
Roads to freedom 192
Desire and reason: challenging a bi-polar distinction 193
Desire and ‘lack’ 194
Desire and goodness 198
Desire and death: seeking the end of the world? 199
Desire, passion and love 200
Desire and contingency: change and craving 202
Desire and power: the creative craver 203
Desire beyond the person: cosmic desire 204
Lust for life: desire and skilful living 204

Glossary 206
Notes 208
Bibliography 255
Index 263
ISBN0415346525; 9780415346528 (pbk); 9780203010570 (ebook)
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4324/9780203010570
點閱次數135
建檔日期2005.04.22
更新日期2021.09.03










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