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論「五味半滿」所建構的天台判教體系=A Discussion of the Tiantai Doctrinal Classification System as Constructed by the "Five Flavors: Mutual Achievement of the Partial and Complete"
作者 陳英善 (著)=Chen, Ying-shan (au.)
出處題名 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
卷期n.17
出版日期2004.07
頁次173 - 213
出版者中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
出版者網址 http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese; 英文=English
附註項作者為中華佛學研究所研究員
關鍵詞五味教=five flavors; 半滿教=partial and complete teachings; 五時八教=five periods and eight teachings; 南三北七=three Southern masters and seven Northern masters
摘要有關天臺「五時八教」之判教,在近代日本學界引起極熱烈地討論(參見關口真大編著《天臺教學の研究》,頁1-698,大東出版社,昭和53年)。對於五時八教是否廢除之議題,本文不予置評。本文試從「五味半滿相成」之角度來切入,以此建構天臺之判教體系,且以此來彰顯《法華經》教相之特色,亦以此來論破南北論師判教之偏失。對天臺智者而言,分判諸經教相,須權實兼具,若偏權或偏實,皆難以呈現諸經教相之風貌,尤其有關《法華經》之教相,更是如此。所以,天臺以五味之方便及半滿之實慧相輔相成,呈現《法華經》之特色。

With regard to Tiantai’s “five periods and eight teachings” method of doctrinal
classification, there have been lively discussions in academic circles in contemporary
Japan (see Sekiguchi Shindai, Tendai kyōgaku no kenkyū, Daito Shuppansha 1978,
pp. 1-698). The present article does not comment on the issue of whether or not the
five periods and eight teachings should be eliminated.
This article attempts to construct Tiantai’s system of doctrinal classification from the
perspective of the “five flavors: mutual achievement of the partial and complete.”
This will then be used to show the distinguishing qualities of the modes of teaching in
the Lotus Sūtra, and to critique the biases in the doctrinal classification done by the
masters of the Northern and Southern Dynasties.
For Zhiyi, in classifying the sūtra teachings, both expedient teachings and the ultimate
truth must be maintained; if there is a bias towards one or the other, then it will be
difficult to represent the true style of the teachings in each sūtra; this is especially true
with regard to the distinguishing qualities of the Lotus Sūtra.
目次一、前言 174
二、從五味半滿相成所建構的天臺判教體系 176
(一)法華教相之結構──頓漸五味
(二)頓漸五味之內涵──五味八教
(三)頓漸五味之經證
(四)頓漸五味與諸經
三、從五味半滿相成顯《法華經》教相之特色 191
(一)頓漸根性相融
(二)半滿諸教相合
四、從五味半滿相成破南北論師判教之偏失 195
(一)破南師五時教之偏失
(二)破北師半滿教之偏失
五、結語 210
ISSN10177132 (P)
點閱次數1852
建檔日期2007.12.10
更新日期2017.06.20










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