網站導覽關於本館諮詢委員會聯絡我們書目提供版權聲明引用本站捐款贊助回首頁
書目佛學著者站內
檢索系統全文專區數位佛典語言教學佛學博物館相關連結
 
Bookmark and Share


加值服務
書目管理
書目匯出
《大乘起信論》義理新探
作者 傅偉勳 (著)=Fu, Charles Wei-hsun (au.)
出處題名 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
卷期n.3
出版日期1990.04
頁次117 - 147
出版者中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
出版者網址 http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese; 英文=English
關鍵詞大乘起信論; 詮釋學; 不二法門; 二諦; 如來藏緣起
摘要本文試用自創的「創造的詮釋學」方法,重新探索《大
乘起信論》的多門教義,深層義蘊與根本實義,藉以發現能
予繼承並發展此論書既廣又深的大乘哲理的一條新時代佛
法理路. 創造的詮釋學分為五個步驟或層次,即「實謂」,
「意謂」,「蘊謂」,「當謂」與「必謂」.

在「實謂」層次,通過版本考証,原典校勘,作者傳記
…等等歷史文獻的嚴密考察,儘量忠實客觀地理出作者及
原典的本來面目. 在「意謂」層次,須在「實謂」的話語或
文字表達中,通過脈絡分析,邏輯分析與層面分析,對
原典儘量求得語義的了解與整理. 於此層次,可以發現到以
下十四門的《起信論》義理:不二門,二諦門,實相門,緣
起門,心性門,心識門,實存門 (迷悟門),業報門,解脫
門,修行門 (禪定門),戒律門 (道德門),應病門 (治療
門),教化門與時機門,眾門彼此息息相關. 在「蘊謂」層
次,還得進一步設法尋求原典可能藏有著的種種不同的詮釋
理路,或豐富的義理薀涵. 我們在此書可以找到至少四種詮
釋進路,即如來藏緣起論說,天台圓教不二法門理路,天台
本覺論理路與頓悟禪教的路數. 在「當謂」層次,還要跳過
「蘊謂」層次所獲得的各種詮釋進路,依創造的詮釋學洞見
,去掘發原典表面結構底下的根本義諦出來. 依此洞見,可
以發現到此書的根本實義當在不二法門 (而非如來藏思想)
,乃為此書真正的思想源頭. 在「必謂」層次,我們踐行一
種「批判的超越」,完成原典作者所未完成的思想課題,而
達到了以下的結論:「《起信論》的理論結構 (須) 以不
二門與實存門 (迷悟門) 的根本契合為基點,有此基點乃有
二諦門的成立,又依二諦門而有 (如來藏) 緣起門,包容心
性門與心識門,及實相門; 至於其他諸門,皆依此基本理
論而一一分別成立.」

佛教經,論的開展歷程,可以說是部創造的詮釋學史
;《大乘起信論》允為第一流的論書,也應依此看法做進
一步的研究與發展.

In this paper I attempt to re-investigate,as
an application of my "creative hermeneutics",the
multidimensional complexity and deep structure of
the Awakening of Faith, in order to find a new way
of critically inheriting and creatively developing
the deep and profoundly comprehensive philosophical
ideas of this important `Mahayana` treatise (
`sastra`). My creative hermeneutics consists of the
following five hermeneutic levels or steps:(1)
"What exactly did the author (or the text) say? "
(the stage of textual criticism); (2) "What did the
author intend or mean to say? "(the stage of
dimentional,logical and contextual analyses); (3)
"What could the author have said? "or "What could
the author's sayings have implied? "(the stage of
discovery of various possible implications of the
text and hermeneutic approaches); (4) "What should
the author have said? "or "What should the creative
hermeneutican say on behalf of the author? "(the
stage of discovery of the deeper structure of the
text); and (5) "What must the author say now? "or
"What must the creative hermeneutician do now,in
order to carry out the unfinished philosophical
task of the author? "(the stage of critical/
creative transcendence).

Based on the above hermeneutic method,I give a
critical examination of the major textual critical
studies thus far accomplished,and reach my own
conclusion on the first hermeneutic level that,
despite the fact that the problem of authorship
still remains unresolved,the text (in two versions)
has created little difficulty in so far as the
question "What exactly did the author (or the text)
say? "is concerned. On the second level,I find
that there are in the text as many as fourteen
"gates" (dimensions or aspects) inseparable from one
another,namely,the (trans-metaphysical) gate of
non-duality (or "true emptiness"),the (`prajno-
logical`) gate of `paramartha/samvrti`,the
(ontological) gate of "true forms" (or "wondrous
manifestations"),the (cosmological) gate of
dependent origination,the (metapsychological)
gates of hsin/hsing (mind/nature),the (psychological)
gate of citta/ `vijnana` (mind/consciousness),the
(existential) gate of awakening/nonawakening,the
samsaric gate of karmic consequences (reward/
retribution),the (`nirvanic`) gate of ultimate
enlightenment or salvation,the (dyanic) gate of
spiritual self-cultivation,the (ethical) gate of
bodhisattvic discipline (`sila/vinaya`),the
(psychotherapeutic) gate of spiritual healing,the
(`upayic`) gate of transformational education,and
the (temporo-historical) gate of responsive
appropriateness. On the third level,we can find at
least the following four major hermeneutic
approaches to the text:the theory of dependent
origination by means of tathagata garbha, the T'ien-
t'ai's non-dualistic approach, the Japanese Tendai's
theory of ori
ISSN10177132 (P)
點閱次數1120
建檔日期1998.07.22
更新日期2017.06.15










建議您使用 Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac) 瀏覽器能獲得較好的檢索效果,IE不支援本檢索系統。

提示訊息

您即將離開本網站,連結到,此資料庫或電子期刊所提供之全文資源,當遇有網域限制或需付費下載情形時,將可能無法呈現。

修正書目錯誤

請直接於下方表格內刪改修正,填寫完正確資訊後,點擊下方送出鍵即可。
(您的指正將交管理者處理並儘快更正)

序號
252094

查詢歷史
檢索欄位代碼說明
檢索策略瀏覽