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《觀音玄義》性惡問題之探討
作者 陳英善 (著)=Cheng, Ying-shan (au.)
出處題名 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
卷期n.5
出版日期1992.07
頁次173 - 191
出版者中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
出版者網址 http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese; 英文=English
關鍵詞觀音玄義; 性惡論; 天台思想; 天台宗; 緣起中道實相論
摘要近代研究天台思想的學者往往認為性惡說為天台思想之
特色,而有關「性惡說」的觀念,主要出自《觀音玄義》一
文中,此是由於《觀音玄義》有明文提到「性惡」兩字,且
花了些篇幅來說明性惡. 因此,學者們往往以此為依據,大
倡性惡說為天台思想之特色,不明「性惡」之真正涵義,一
味的主張性惡為天台思想之核心. 亦有學者就性具等來說明
性惡說,認為性惡乃是性所本具.

然據筆者個人之研究,發現《觀音玄義》中之性惡說,
是就緣因了因上來說的,且是對五時教之涅槃時鈍根眾生而
開設的法門,藉由對緣了因根源探討為方便,以導引眾生悟
入非緣非了的正因佛性. 此可說是《觀音玄義》論說性德善
性德惡之宗旨. 而並非如近代學者所理解下的本體之性惡說
,如近代學者往往將《觀音玄義》緣了因所論述的性德善惡
之涵義,從一切法之根源上來理解. 因此,性惡說成了性具
思想之必然性,即性本身已具一切法,認為必然亦具惡.
而主張此看法,認為天台思想是性具,必然會導出性惡說,
具性惡說才能真正代表天台思想之特色. 然若從天台教理
--緣起中道實相論來看此問題,會發現性具性惡說之論調,
根本是與天台教理相背離的. 然《觀音玄義》本身亦有其表
達不周延處,其不周延處,成了天台實相論之困擾.

針對上述諸種問題,本章節擬從就《觀音玄義》一文加
以探討. 先從《觀音玄義》的結構組織入手,以便了解緣了
因中對性德善惡處理,進而從天台緣起中道實相來看性惡
問題.

Of late years, some scholars of the Tien-tai
school have regarded the idea of vice as one of the
characteristics of the school. In The Significance
of Kuangyin `sutra` the idea of vice is clearly
stated,and quite a few words are written to explain
it. Therefore,based on this fact some scholars
speak and write in support of the theory that the
Tien-tai school is characteristic of the idea of
vice. In fact,they do not understand what the idea
of vice really means, arbitrarily considering the
vice to be the central idea of the Tien-tai school.
And there are still some others who are confident
that the vice is born by nature.

However,in accordance with the studies by the
author,the idea of vice in The Significance of
Kuangyin `Sutra` comes from the idea of environing
cause and revealing cause. It is a special way for
all the flesh of gradual attainment of the Tien-tai
five divisions, leading the flesh to the
Buddha-nature of non-environment and non-causation.
This is the very purpose of virtue and vice,
different from what recent scholars understand. For
instance,recent scholars try to understand the
virtue and vice of developing cause in. The
Significance of Kuangyin `Sutra`,through the
originality of all dharmas. Thus, the idea of vice
becomes the inevitability of nature-possession...
nature itself is possessed of
all dharmas and inevitably is inclusive of vice.
Those who are of this opinion believe that the
Tien-tai thought is of nature-possession,and must
lead to the idea of vice,which forms one of its
features. If we look at such a problem from the
standpoints of conditional causation,the mean,and
reality--the teachings of the Tien-tai school,we
are easy to find that the nature-possession and the
idea of vice are contradictory to each other.

Yet,in The Significance of Kuangyin `Sutra`
some ideas are stated not so well that they raise
some difficulities to the theory of reality.

In order to solve the problems mentioned
above,the following chapters intend to make a study
of the structure and system of The Significance of
Kuangyin `Sutra`,then to have an understanding of
the virtue and vice in developing cause,and finally
to take a look at the vice problem through the
Tien-tai conditional causation,the mean,and
reality.
ISSN10177132 (P)
點閱次數549
建檔日期1998.07.22
更新日期2017.06.15










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