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湛然理具思想之探討
作者 陳英善 (著)=Cheng, Ying-shan (au.)
出處題名 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
卷期n.6
出版日期1993.06
頁次279 - 301
出版者中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
出版者網址 http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese; 英文=English
關鍵詞湛然; 天台宗; 天台思想; 理具; 無情佛性說; 一念三千
摘要本文所論述在湛然理具思想,所謂理具,指的是性具
. 基本上湛然對天台智者思想之闡述,是基於此性具理具之
觀點來論述天台智者思想. 堪稱為天台中興法將的湛然,以
性具說作為天台智者思想核心,基本上已喪失了天台智者一
向對理體說所作的反省批判,簡單地說,已失去了緣起中道
實相之辯證張力. 這也許時代思潮發展使然,中唐以來的整
個中國佛教,幾乎圍繞在「體」這觀點上來論述佛教,湛
然亦不例外,故特就理具來解釋天台思想,此乃一明顯例子
.

有關湛然之理具思想,本文主分為三方面來論述:首
先,論述湛然理具思想之建構,包括時代背景之分析,及
理具思想之形成. 第二部分,則論述湛然理具思想之內涵,
此包括對理具思想所依據提出探討,及湛然對「具」之強
調提出分析,另再就理具性惡與理具唯心來論述. 第三部分
,乃就湛然理具思想之運用,此部分主要就《金剛錍》無情
佛性說來加以論述,以顯湛然無情佛性說的理論基礎,在
理具思想; 此外,湛然的 <十不二門>,亦可是理具思想之
充分運用,然由於篇幅之限制,無法於此一併探討,另待他
文再加以處理.

This paper intends to discuss Chan Jan's
thought of hsion chu. Basically,Chan Jan's
explanation on Tien Tai Master Jih Yi's thought is
based on this thought of hsion chu. Chan Jan is
considered as the "dharma general" who revived Tien
Tai sect. He took the principle of hsion chu as the
core of Jih Yi's thoughts. Fundamentally,this is
against Jih Yi's reflective criticism on the
principle of li ti (理體 i.e. the fundamental
substance or body of all things). In short,this has
lost the dialectical power of the principle of
dependent origination,middle way and ultimate
reality. This may be caused by the development of
time's thought. Since mid-T'ang Dynasty,the whole
Chinese Buddhism all used the viewpoint of "ti" (體
or substance) to describe Buddhism. Chan Jan was
no exception. Therefore,he used li chu to explain
Tien Tai thought. This is an evident example.

This paper will discuss Chan Jan's thought of
li chu from three aspects. Firstly,it will discuss
the structure of Chan Jan's thought of li chu,
including the analysis of time's background and the
formation of the thought of li chu. Secondly,it
will discuss the content of Chan Jan's thought of li
chu,including the basis of the thought of li chu,
Chan Jan's emphasis on "Chu",the Buddha-nature
having evil aspect and the Buddha-nature being
mind-only. Thirdly,it will discuss Chan Jan's
application of the thought of li chu. In the third
part,the discussion is made mainly from the angle
of the principle that non-sentient beings have
Buddha-nature as elucidated in King Kang Bei. This
is to show that Chan Jan's theory that non-sentient
beings have Buddha-nature was based on the thought
of li chu. In addition,Chan Jan's Shih Bu Er Men or
Ten Non-duality Doors (十不二門) is also the full
application of the thought of li chu. However,due
to the limit of space,this can not be discussed
here and will be treated in another article.
ISSN10177132 (P)
點閱次數537
建檔日期1998.07.22
更新日期2017.06.15










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