中國佛教史=Chinese Buddhist History; 佛教人物=Buddhist; 願文=Prayer; 修行方法=修行法門=Practice
From the first century, when Buddhism entered China, the foreign religion shaped Chinese philosophy, beliefs, and ritual. At the same time, Buddhism had a profound effect on the material world of the Chinese. This wide-ranging study shows that Buddhism brought with it a vast array of objects big and small--relics treasured as parts of the body of the Buddha, prayer beads, and monastic clothing--as well as new ideas about what objects could do and how they should be treated. Kieschnick argues that even some everyday objects not ordinarily associated with Buddhism--bridges, tea, and the chair--on closer inspection turn out to have been intimately tied to Buddhist ideas and practices. Long after Buddhism ceased to be a major force in India, it continued to influence the development of material culture in China, as it does to the present day.
INTRODUCTION 1 The Buddhist Critique of the Material World 2 Objects in Service to the Dharma 5 Attitudes toward Buddhist Objects in China 9 On the Term Material Culture 15 Scholarship on Material Culture 16 Objects and the History of Religion 19 CHAPTER ONE: Sacred Power 24 Relics 29 Icons 52 Conclusion 80 CHAPTER Two: Symbolism 83 The Monastic Uniform 86 The Rosary 116 The Ruyi Scepter 138 Conclusion 153 CHAPTER THREE: Merit 157 Books 164 Monasteries 185 Bridges 199 Conclusion 215 CHAPTER FOUR: Accidents and Incidentals 220 The Chair 222 Sugar 249 Tea 262 Conclusion 275 CONCLUSION 281 The Role of Monks 284 Beyond Monks 289 The Illusion of Impact 292