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The Lotus Sutra as Gateway to the Pure Land=《法華經》-- 通往淨土的門路
作者 Wawrytko, Sandra Ann (著)=華珊嘉 (au.)
出處題名 The "Earthly" Pure Land and Contemporary Society: The Record of Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism(3rd)=人間淨土與現代社會: 中華國際佛學會議實錄(第3屆)
出版日期1998.02
頁次196 - 197
出版者法鼓文化出版社=Dharma Drum Culture
出版者網址 http://www.ddc.com.tw
出版地臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
資料類型會議論文=Proceeding Article
使用語言英文=English
附註項中英文提要; 中文論文提要:頁120.
關鍵詞Lotus Sutra; Upayic Device; No-mind; Creative Hermeneutics; Cognitive Knowledge; Trans-cognitive Wisdom; Wawrytko, Sandra A.; 華珊嘉; 法華經; 方便; 無心; 創造詮釋學; 認知知識; 超認知智慧
摘要How are we to regard the concept of the Pure Land? Are we to understand it as the Buddhist equivalent of Heaven? A Nirvanic "place" that lies beyond the Samsaric realm in which we are mired? Or is it to be conceived of metaphorically,as an upayic device tailored to our limited human imagination? Should we for seek the Pure Land,perchance,beyond the very boundaries of conceptualization itself? This topic has engaged the best minds and most enlightened masters for generations across the spectrum of Buddhist thought and practice.

A major clue to unraveling this doctrinal mystery may be found in the Lotus Sutra, which claims the distinction of representing the highest teachings of the Buddha. Indescribably profound,enigmatic,and engaging,this single text has permeated not only the Buddhism of East Asian societies, but their respective cultures as well. It also has inspired the most extensive commentarial literature of any Buddhist sutra, a testament to both its enduring influence and its nebulosity.

The Japanese Zen Master Hakuin has cryptically declared:"Outside the mind there is no Lotus Sutra and outside the Lotus Sutra there is no mind." His succinct pronouncement should serve to put us on the trail of "mind" in our quest for comprehension,as it reveals a distinctly cognitive dimension to the text and its underlying message. This thread will be pursued in the presentation as a guide for elucidating the precise status of the Pure Land.

The philosophy of mind,or philosophy of no-mind,will be our focus, through an exploration of cognitive knowledge and intimations of transcognitive wisdom. In addition,the tools of creative hermeneutics will be applied to reveal the post-modern relevancy of both the Lotus Sutra and the Pure Land. Key elements in the structure of the Lotus Sutra to be discussed include:1) Buddhist philosophy of Language; 2) recognition of multi-leveled forms and contents of Dharma teaching,and 3) the pervasive presence of the Buddha in multiple guises and realms.

我們將如何看待淨土的觀念呢? 我們要把它看成是佛教的「天堂」嗎? 是離開我們所深陷其中娑婆世界外的一個涅盤「地方」嗎? 或要把它看成是譬喻是的說法,它是一種為適應我們人類有限想像力而施設的方便嗎? 或,我們應超越概念的範圍來尋求淨土? 它真的可以被找到或發現到,就好像我們是在尋找「失去」的頭一般? 幾個世紀以來,這個主題已吸引了佛教思想界和實踐界最佳的心靈和睿智的大師.
我們也許可以從經中之王 --《法華經》找到重要的線索,足以揭開這個教義上的神秘. 這部經的精深,困難和迷人實在是非筆墨所能形容,它不僅滲入東亞社會的佛教,也深深影響著東亞的各種文化系統. 它已啟發了佛經中最多的註疏,足以證明它的長遠影響和義理難解.
日本隱元禪師意義深長地說:「心外無法華,法華無外心.」他的簡潔主張,應足以讓我們從「心」的方向來理解淨土,因這句話道盡《法華經》的基本信息及其宗教(大信),哲學(大疑),心理治療(大死)等面向. 本文將循著這些線索,作為闡明淨土深義的指南.
本文將透過認知知識的探討和超認知智慧的模仿,來專門討論心的哲學,或更正確地說,無心的哲學. 此外,本文將運用創造詮釋學的工作,來彰顯《法華經》和淨土的後現代關聯性.
在《法華經》的結構方面,本文將討論到下述幾個重要因素:
(1) 佛教的語言哲學.
(2) 宏法的多層次形式和內容.
(3) 佛陀以多種面目在多種世界中的多種示現.
(4) 以佛性來針對人性作重大的再評估.
ISBN9578473567
點閱次數240
建檔日期2000.12.05
更新日期2015.08.25










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