第四屆中華國際佛學會議 -- 「佛教與廿一世紀」=The Fourth Chung Hwa International Conference on Buddhism: The Role of Buddhism in the 21st Century
中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
臺北縣, 臺灣 [Taipei hsien, Taiwan]
第四屆中華國際佛學會議 -- 「佛教與廿一世紀」, 法鼓山中華佛學研究所主辦, 2002年1月18-20日, 中央研究院學術活動中心. The Fourth Chung Hwa International Conference on Buddhism：The Role of Buddhism in the 21st Century, Organized by Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, DDMBA; January 18-20, 2002, Auditorium of Acemic Activity Center, Acemia Sinica.
佛教與廿一世紀=Buddhism in 21st Century; 即空即假即中; 天台智顗=Tiantai Zhiyi; 五時八教=Five Times and Teachings; 十境十乘; 教觀相資; Identity of Emptiness; 佛教因果說=Buddhist Theory of Causality; Provisional Positioning and the Mean; Ten Objects and Ten Vehicles of Contemplation; The Mutual Dependence of Doctrine and Contemplation
Abstract The significance of Tiantai Buddhist thought，which was brought to completion by Master Zhiyi in the 6th Century C.E.，for the modern world，1,400 years later，is examined here. The relevance of the Tiantai thought legacy in the 21st century can be summed up in the following three points:
1. Established a synthetic philosophical method. This is most obvious in the "classification of teachings" into the Five Times and Eight Teachings, and the method of calming and contemplation structured around the ten objects and ten vehicles.
2. Tiantai thought displays both a positive sense of balance and a gentle power of correction. To cite a relatively clear example，one is brought into the philosophical method centered on the interfusion of the Three truths of Emptiness, Provisional Positioning the Mean.
3. In the process of making comparisons to Confucian and Taoist thought，Tiantai further clarifies the special characteristics of Buddhism，especially with respect to the modern significance of its methodology and its distinctive theory of causality，which are given some exposition here.