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明代政局變化與佛教聖地普陀山的發展=A Study on the Relationship between the Mount Putuo's Developments and Government Policies during the Ming Dynasty
作者 徐一智 (著)=Hsü, Yi-zhi (au.)
出處題名 玄奘佛學研究=Hsuan Chuang Journal of Buddhism
卷期n.14
出版日期2010.09.01
頁次25 - 88
出版者玄奘大學宗教學研究所
出版者網址 http://ird.hcu.edu.tw/front/bin/home.phtml
出版地新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項本期主題:中國佛教史專輯,作者為聖母醫護管理專科學校通識教育中心助理教授(=Assistant Professor, Center of General Education, Mary's Medicine, Nursing and Management College)
關鍵詞觀音菩薩=Avalokite?vara; 菩薩思想=Bodhisattva’s thought; 明代=Ming dynasty; 普陀山=Mount Putuo; 淨土=pure land
摘要普陀山傳說是觀音菩薩在中國顯現的淨土,其發展在明朝為關鍵性的時代。此時普陀的興起和衰落都與政府政策有著重大之關係,在洪武期間,因為政府想要防止日本倭寇入侵,並佔領普陀山,朝廷把山中的寺院遷移到了浙江,並封禁普陀山。這樣的禁令到萬曆期間被解除了,當時神宗因其母親信佛的影響下,他決定保護佛教和普陀山,賞賜菩薩像、金錢、藥品等給山裏寺院。經過神宗的護持,從萬曆朝開始,普陀山信徒逐漸增加。因此,普陀山的發展不可避免與政治和社會變遷有著密切的關係,所以本論文即以此為立基點,研究明代普陀山的發展。

It is said that Mount Putuo (普陀山) is the legendary pure land that Avalokite?vara, the Goddess of Mercy, appeared in China. During the Ming Dynasty, Mount Putuo developed into a crucial moment. The rise and decline of this sacred mountain relied on government policies. During the reign of Hong Wu (洪武) emperor, in order to protect Mount Putuo from the occupation of Japanese pirates, the government moved the temples to Zhejiang province and blockaded the mountain. The prohibitory edict was not lifted until the Wan Li (萬曆) reign. Shenzong (神宗) emperor, under the
influence of his mother, a devout Buddhist, actively protected Buddhism and Mount Putuo. He provided financial and medical assistance as well as statues of Buddha to the temples of Mount Putuo. With his support, Mt. Putuo attracted more and more believers. In reality, the development of Mount Putuo was inevitably and closely influenced by political and social changes. Standing on this point, this research focuses on the relationship between Mount Putuo’s developments and government policies under the Ming Dynasty.
目次一、前言
二、洪武時期經略沿海、封山與影響
三、嘉靖時期倭寇佔山及遷寺
四、萬曆時期神宗母子之護山
五、晚明修路、遺民逃禪與普陀山
六、結論

ISSN18133649 (P); 18133649 (E)
研究類別佛教-歷史
研究時代明代
研究地點浙江(舟山普陀山)
點閱次數367
建檔日期2010.12.22
更新日期2017.12.08










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