The earliest currently accessible discussion on Buddhism and Science is Part V of Henry S. Olcott’s Buddhist Catechism, published in Sri Lanka in 1881. A treatise on the subject embodying Dr. Paul Dahlk’s research in Germany appeared in London in an English translation by Bhikkhu SÆlacara in 1913. Since then several scholars and enthusiasts have investigated issues of compatibility, parallels and contact paints. This paper seeks to serve as a survey of this century-long investigation. The purpose is to highlight the different approaches adopted by the writers as well as to identify points of convergence and divergence.
1.INTRODUCTION 13 2.“BUDDHISM AND SCIENCE” BY COLONEL HENRY STEEL OLCOTT(1881) 15 3.“BUDDHISM AND SCIENCE” BY PAUL DAHLKE(1913) 17 4.“BUDDHISM AND THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION” BY K. N. JAYATILLEKE(1950) 24 5.SEARCH FOR SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE FOR REBIRTH -- RESEARCHES OF IAN STEVENSON AND OTHERS 1966 ONWARDS 26 6.“BUDDHISM AND SCIENCE” BY BUDDHADASA P. KIRTHISINGHE (EDITOR),1984 28 7.“TOWARD SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE -- A BUDDHIST LOOK AT TRENDS IN SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT” BY VENERABLE P.A. PAYUTTO (DHAMMAPITAKA),1993 35 8.“BUDDHISM AND SCIENCE: BREAKING NEW GROUND” BY B. ALAN WALLACE (EDITOR),2003 45 9.PADMAL DE SILVA ON BUDDHISM AND PSYCHOTHERAPY -- HSI LAI JOURNAL OF HUMANISTIC BUDDHISM(1999-2006) 51 10.JON KABAT-ZINN AND COLLEAGUES ON BUDDHIST MINDFUL MEDITATION IN THE TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION,DEMENTIA AND STRESS REDUCTION 55 11.“ZEN AND THE BRAIN; TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF MEDITATION AND CONSCIOUSNESS” AND “ZEN-BRAIN REFLECTIONS” BY JAMES H. AUSTIN(1998-2006) 58 12.ANANDA W.P. GURUGE: “BUDDHISM AND BIOETHICS” THE MIDDLE WAY, LONDON BUDDHIST SOCIETY, AUGUST(2006) 61 13.MEDICALLY OBSERVED IMPACT OF MEDITATION, BENEDICTION AND PRAYER ON GRAVELY SICK PERSONS 64 14.SOME SALIENT OBSERVATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS 65