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東晉居士劉遺民綜考=A Study on the Lay Buddhist Liu Yimin of the Eastern Jin Dynasty
作者 紀志昌 (著)=Chi, Chih-chang (au.)
出處題名 臺大中文學報=Bulletin of the Department of Chinese Literature N.T.U.
卷期n.27
出版日期2007.12
頁次167 - 202
出版者國立臺灣大學中國文學系
出版者網址 http://www.cl.ntu.edu.tw/riki/riki.php?CID=1
出版地臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項作者單位:國立雲林科技大學漢學資料整理研究所。
關鍵詞東晉=Eastern Jin; 劉遺民=Liu Yimin; 廬山慧遠=Lushan Huiyuan; 念佛三昧=Nianfo; 居士=lay Buddhist
摘要在中國佛教史上,南北朝是一高僧輩出的時代,僧伽的勢力在此時得到空前的發展,與此現象並時而起的,正是在家信奉之士大夫群體的龐大影響力,此與僧伽之興共同構成了佛教界繁榮的一體兩面。關於在家居士,不但信仰層次有深淺之差,品類與行迹亦不一而足。本文研究所選取之個案--東晉居士劉遺民(程之),在當時居士信仰發展史上有其獨特性,即並不以供施「檀越」(dāna-pati)作為其在家信奉者的主要特性,卻為一依止於僧伽而精進修道的角色。劉氏與慧遠僧團諸賢結誓念佛以共朝西方,儼然已成佛教史上僧俗共修較早的典範。劉遺民避世修行的超俗立場,配合其念佛對西方淨土的祈嚮,在某種程度上與當時流行的另一種處俗而即世的人間居士型態,在面貌與精神上顯然有別,而富若干可探討性。本文即依此就其生平、行迹、交遊、學問與修道特質、信仰型態、佛學思想,一一作出考察,期對當時的居士佛教作出更多面向的探討。

In the history of Chinese Buddhism, the Northern and Southern Dynasties were an important period marked by the emergence of many eminent monks. During this period, the power of Buddhist monks had grown unprecedently; along with this development was the rising phenomenon of the vast influence of the laity. Together the laity and the monks constituted the two sides of the Buddhist prosperity at this time. The lay Buddhists varied in their depth of religious conviction, personal characteristics, and behaviors. Among them this paper selects Liu Yi-min (Cheng-chi) of the Eastern Jin as the subject of a case study. Liu played a unique role in the religious development of contemporary lay Buddhists. He did not accept the practice of donation to dāna-pati as the main part of worship. Instead, he assumed the role of a Buddhist devoted to continuous self-cultivation. Liu joined the Huiyuan monks to worship Buddha, and their alliance became an early paradigm of the practice of group worship based in monk-laity mutuality (zengsu gongxiu) in the history of Buddhism. Both Liu`s unconventional reclusive practice and his belief in the Pure Land set him apart from the secular practice of contemporary lay Buddhism in appearance and in spirit. This paper discusses Liu`s life and deeds and his interaction with contemporaries. It also examines his scholarship, mode of religious faith and practice, as well as his Buddhist though. By doing so, it aims to provide a multi-faceted exploration of lay Buddhists at that time.
ISSN10132422 (P)
點閱次數126
建檔日期2015.01.26
更新日期2022.08.04










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