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Materiality and Spiritual Economies in Premodern Japanese Buddhism: A Problem in Historical Change
作者 Amstutz, Galen
出處題名 Journal of Religion in Japan
卷期v.1 n.2
出版日期2012
頁次142 - 167
出版者Brill
出版者網址 http://www.brill.com/
出版地Leiden, the Netherlands [萊登, 荷蘭]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言英文=English
關鍵詞Protestantism; Jōdo Shinshū; Ōmi merchants; material religion; Buddhism
摘要AbstractThe recent emphasis on materiality in religion has encouraged a good deal of attention to materiality in Buddhism, but that attention has fallen entirely on Buddhist traditions with conventional monastic orientations. Yet the major Japanese Buddhist school known as True Pure Land Buddhism (Jōdo Shinshū) has also historically possessed a highly important, if different, material dimension, for which one touchpoint has been its merchant members called Ōmi shōnin who flourished in later premodern Japanese history. After alluding to the difficulty of isolating the ‘material’ in any religious culture, the article sketches the transition in Christian materialities in Europe which marked a cognitive shift from medieval modes of thinking (exteriorized, animistic-monistic, oriented to relics and ancestor religion) towards modern modes (interiorized, oriented to abstraction and the psychological individual). Against that paradigm, almost all premodern Buddhist materialities, including those in Japan, can be seen as medieval in nature. However, Jōdo Shinshū was a departure employing an innovatively interiorized doctrine. From that perspective, both Europe and Japan were highly complex civilizations displaying a long-term medieval-to-modern shift, which impacted the material manifestations of religions by gradually replacing older economies of ritual exchange with more modern-looking economies of preaching, religious publication and commercial life. Western scholarship has resisted appreciating these issues in an Asian setting.
ISSN22118330 (P); 22118349 (E)
DOI10.1163/221183412X649610
點閱次數18
建檔日期2017.03.15
更新日期2020.04.30










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