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佛教心理學發展的省思 ── 建議設立符合人間佛教藍圖的「應用佛教心理學」=A Reflection on the Development of Buddhist Psychology: A Proposal for the Establishment of “Practical Buddhist Psychology”
作者 潘啟聰 =Poon, Kai-chung
出處題名 人間佛教研究=International Journal for the Study of Humanistic Buddhism
卷期n.8
出版日期2017
頁次159 - 201
出版者中文大學出版社
出版者網址 https://www.chineseupress.com/
出版地香港, 中國 [Hong Kong, China]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項潘啟聰,博士,(香港)恒生管理学院社會科學系一級講師。POON, Kai Chung, PhD, lecturer at Hong Kong Hang Seng Management College.
關鍵詞佛教心理學=Buddhist Psychology; 社會科學=Social Science; 科學精神=Scientific methods; 人間佛教=Humanistic Buddhism; 應用佛教心理學=Practical Buddhist Psychology
摘要在近現代的人間佛教發展中,「佛教心理學」一門學問日漸發展。佛教與心理學之結合其實已有一段不淺的歷史。就華語學界而言,早於清末民初的年代,太虛大師已曾就〈佛教心理學之研究〉一題作出演講;梁啟超亦為心理學會作演講,題目為〈佛教心理學淺測〉。時至今日,佛教心理學的發展未曾止步。就專業的層面而言,在學術界的發展中,佛教心理學已儼如一專門性的學問範疇。就大眾的層面而言,針對都市的高壓力、情緒病日益嚴重、都市人不懂放鬆等問題,坊間上已有不少佛教心理學的普及性讀物。可見,佛教心理學的影響力日漸提升。不論是對學術界乃至大眾社會而言,它都有著不可忽視之價值。佛教心理學的影響力和學科成就雖然與日俱增,可是展望其未來發展並非全無隱憂。佛教心理學至今仍未見系統性回顧學科發展之論述,學科發展的現況、成就與有待改善之處亟待研究和反思。有鑒於此,本文盼能為學界填補此一空白處。本文旨在反思佛教心理學的學科發展,並重新省察佛教心理學如何能與社會科學之精神作有機結合,令這門學問於未來得以充份發揮所長。經過檢視學科的現況後,本文建議設立符合人間佛教藍圖的「應用佛教心理學」,令社會大眾更能受益於這門學問的好處。

In the recent development of Humanistic Buddhism, “Buddhist Psychology” has been developing gradually. In fact, the interdisciplinary conversation between “Buddhism” and “Psychology” has started long ago. During the Late Qing and Early Republic era, Master Taixu and Liang Qichao had already been giving lectures about Buddhist
Psychology. Since then, the development of Buddhist Psychology has never stopped. On the professional level, Buddhist psychology has been developed as a specialized academic subject, with students in graduate school working on their thesis in this area. On the societal level, quite a number of books are written for the mass society which focused on self-development and stress management. It is noticeable that Buddhist psychology is increasingly important on both academic and societal levels. Although Buddhist psychology has such a strong influence nowadays, there is still no systematic review about its development at this moment. Despite its fast pace development, there are some underlying worries in this academic field. In the present researches and publications, it is common to see that quite a number of the researchers are strong in Buddhist philosophy but relatively weak in psychology, the methodology of social science is not yet fully utilized. This article intended to review the present situation of Buddhist psychology, and discuss how a true interdisciplinary integration between Buddhism and psychology can be achieved. The conclusion of this article proposed the establishment of a new stream “Practical Buddhist Psychology” which meets the spirit of Humanistic Buddhism.
ISSN2223800X (P)
點閱次數40
建檔日期2020.03.05










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