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Ryōō Dōkaku 了翁道覚(1630-1707), Ascetic, Philanthropist, Bibliophile, and Entrepreneur=了翁道覺(1630-1707)-苦行僧、慈善家、藏書家、企業家
作者 Groner, Paul (著)=格羅納.保羅 (au.)
出處題名 佛光學報=Fo Guang Journal of Buddhist Studies
卷期n.1 新5卷
出版日期2019.01
頁次103 - 131
出版者佛光大學佛教研究中心
出版地宜蘭縣, 臺灣 [I-lan hsien, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言英文=English
附註項作者為維吉尼亞大學榮譽教授
關鍵詞Ryōō Dōkaku=了翁道覚; Ōbaku=黄檗; Kan’eiji=寛永寺; Tenkai-ban=天海版; Buddhist medicine=佛教醫學; Buddhist austerities=佛教苦行; Buddhist libraries; Buddhist sectarianism=佛教宗派主義
摘要 Ryōō Dōkaku's 了翁道覚 (1630-1707) autobiography breaks stereotypes of Buddhism during his period in several important ways. At a time when the government was attempting to strengthen its control over Buddhism by enforcing sectarian rules, Ryōō contributed substantial funds and Buddhist canons to three schools: Zen 禅, Tendai 天台, and Shingon 真言. In doing so, he was striving to revive a more robust form of Buddhism that he saw in the Ōbaku 黄檗 Zen tradition that was being introduced from China. Other aspects of his autobiography combine contrasting stereotypes as he engaged in severe austerities and yet was an entrepreneur and philanthropist. He established libraries, particularly one at the major Tendai monastery, Kan'eiji 寛永寺 that were open to both laity and monastics and held books from a variety of Chinese and Japanese philosophical, religious, historical, and literary traditions, foreshadowing the creation of public libraries.

從許多方面來看,了翁道覚 (1630-1707) 的自傳打破了對當時日本佛教的刻板印象。正值政權試圖透過實施宗派法規來掌控佛教時際,了翁道覚資助了禪宗、天台宗和真言宗可觀的資金與佛教藏經。他這麼做是為了力求復興更加健全的佛教,效法於當時他所見到來自漢地的黄檗禪傳統。在他的自傳中描述了看似強烈的對比刻板印象行為,他兼具嚴酷的苦行且又是一位企業家和慈善家。此外,他創建了許多圖書館,特別是在天台宗的主要據點寛永寺,在那裡收藏了許多漢傳和日本傳統的哲理、宗教、歷史和文學類書籍,可說是公共圖書館的前身。
目次1. Introduction 106
2. The Autobiography 107
3. Conclusion 126
Abbreviation 129
Bibliography 129
ISSN24143006 (P)
點閱次數34
建檔日期2020.04.20
更新日期2020.04.20










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