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阿育王式塔所具有的多種意義=The "King A oka" Type of Stupa and Its Multivalent Meanings
作者 蔣人和 (著)=Tsiang, Katherine R. (au.) ; 王平先 (譯)=Wang, Ping-xian (tr.)
出處題名 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
卷期n.2 (總號=n.162)
出版日期2017
頁次22 - 34
出版者敦煌研究編輯部
出版者網址 http://www.dha.ac.cn/
出版地蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項作者單位:芝加哥大學藝術史系東亞藝術中心;譯者單位:敦煌研究院編輯部
關鍵詞窣堵婆=sudupo; 舍利塔=reliquary stupas; 阿育王塔=King A oka stupas; 喪葬塔=auspicious stupa manifestations; 瑞現塔=funerary monument; 莫高窟=Mogao Grottoes; 文化交流=cultural interaction
摘要 結合中國各地的阿育王式佛塔,探討了這種單層、圓形覆缽頂、頂上四角通常有山花蕉葉造型的佛塔,並將其細分為舍利塔、阿育王塔、喪葬塔、紀念塔和瑞現塔。考察了敦煌莫高窟壁畫中的窣堵婆式佛塔的起源、時代、特徵及歷史含義,並討論了其潛在的原型。中國圓頂塔形並非起源於單一的原型,更有可能與不同文化綜合作用下的思想及造像有關,是人類復雜的文化交流與豐富的想象力的產物。

This paper examines the Dunhuang material on a stupa type associated with King A oka from a broader perspective and relates this information to stupas known in other parts of China that have a single story with a domed roof and typically also having protrusions standing at the four corners of the roof that resemble acroteria in Western architecture. This type can be subdivided into several categories, including reliquary stupas,King A oka stupas, funerary stupas, commemorative stupas, and auspicious stupa manifestations. It concludes that these stupa forms in China are related to ideas and images from a wide variety of cultures and religions, and that it is difficult to assign them to any particular precedents on the Indian subcontinent or to any single point of origin because of the complexity of cultural interaction. Instead, they can be understood as the products of different historical periods and groups of people over many centuries, and their meanings changed over time.
目次一、前言 23
二、唐代至宋初時期的阿育王佛塔 26
三、北朝的窣堵婆式佛塔 27
四、敦煌莫高窟壁畫中的窣堵婆式佛塔 29
五、可能存在佛塔之西方先例 33
ISSN10004106 (P)
點閱次數748
建檔日期2020.08.25
更新日期2020.08.25










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