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聖嚴法師菩薩戒思想之研究 ── 基於菩薩戒傳承思想之對照與詮釋觀點之理解=Research on the Thought of Bodhisattva Precepts in Master Sheng Yen ’s Writings: Based on Contradistinction of the Lineage of Bodhisattva Precept Thoughts and the Comprehension Relating to His Viewpoint of Interpretation
作者 王惠雯 (著)=Hui-Wen Wang (au.)
出處題名 聖嚴研究:第六輯=Studies of Master Sheng Yen Vol.6
出版日期2015.06
頁次45 - 115
出版者法鼓文化
出版者網址 http://www.ddc.com.tw/
出版地臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
叢書名聖嚴思想論叢
叢書號6
資料類型專題研究論文=Research Paper
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項作者單位:華梵大學哲學系 / 人文教育研究中心副教授=Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy / Research Center for Humanistic Education, Huafan University
關鍵詞菩薩戒= Bodhisattva precepts; 菩薩戒思想傳承= lineage of Bodhisattva precept thoughts; 菩薩藏經論= Bodhisattva canon and scriptures; 願心儀軌=rituals of Bodhisattva vow; 菩薩學處=sikkhāpada of Bodhisattva; 十善= ten kinds of goodness (dasakusalāni); 方便= skillful means (kauśalya)
摘要本文擬闡明聖嚴法師對於菩薩戒思想的理解背景,包括學思歷程、文獻解讀、重要議題的釐定等,以及法師所關懷的核心問題、詮釋方法的特色和貢獻。此外,企圖透過重新解讀相關文獻,進行脈絡分析與溯源,釐清有關藏傳佛教菩薩戒思想之系統意義,之後,藉由對照的觀點,詮釋聖嚴法師菩薩戒思想所具備的特質。
本文的研究進路如下:1. 理解聖嚴法師著作中菩薩戒概念的呈顯;2. 回溯其所依據的經論、傳承戒本思想及義理的探究;3. 透過其他菩薩戒傳承的相關文獻,亦即不同傳承的菩薩戒典據及義理來加以對照,希望基於「求同存異」詮釋原則,解明聖嚴法師菩薩戒思想的特質與貢獻。
依於上述的研究,歸納出聖嚴法師菩薩戒思想—關懷當代佛教發展之「人文處境」的重要貢獻,包括:1. 重視對於新學菩薩的引導—鼓勵受戒與學戒;2. 三聚淨戒的時空適應—持戒精神的確立與十善通戒的主張;3. 菩薩戒的融通與應用—制定傳戒儀軌;4. 重視在家菩薩的菩薩行之學處。
本文認為:未來若要評估此一戒法傳承,能否達成預期目標,應當強調以「發菩提心」做為菩薩戒之根本,進而論究受戒、學戒的相關實踐課題。此外,並建議由前述基礎再出發,進一步建立具時代性的實踐理論,其內涵可包括:1.菩薩戒的實踐原則:詳明菩薩戒的基礎、根本、修學原則、判準、指標;2. 菩薩戒之戒性、戒法、戒行、戒相的詮釋與發展;3. 菩薩戒思想理念的時代性與弘傳方法的緊密結合。

This article plans to expound the thought of Bodhisattva precepts related to the background of Ven. Sheng Yen that includes his learning experience, the understanding of contextual scriptures, the clarification of important topics etc. and the core problems that he cares about, the characteristics and contributions of his discourses. It attempts to re-interpret the relevant scriptures and trace back to the source through an analysis of the texts, and then to differentiate with systematic meaning of thought relevant to Tibetan Buddhist Bodhisattva precepts. By adopting a contrasted viewpoint to reason the speciality of Ven. Sheng Yen’s thought.
So that the research-methodology approach of this article focuses on the exploration of the thought of Bodhisattva precepts,and hopes to develop its diversity, openness, modernity, at the same time to avoid the statement based on fallacy. By means of the exploration and interpretation mentioned which expects to manifest the truth of Bodhisattva precepts and dharma. Finally, it tried to reflect on how to follow Ven. Sheng Yen’s ideas in promoting the spirit of Bodhisattva precepts and the manifestation of modernity.
Based on the “common factors” comparative interpretation principle, it hopes to illuminate the characteristics and contributions made by Ven. Sheng Yen regarding the thoughts of Bodhisattva precepts. According to the above studies, Ven. Sheng Yen’s Bodhisattva precepts thinking is summarized regarding the important contribution of the consideration of “humanistic situation” to the development of contemporary Buddhism. These include firstly, the emphasis on the importance of guiding novice Bodhisattvas, encouraging them to take and learn the precepts. Secondly, the situational and temporal adaptation of the three cumulative commandments (tri-vidhāni śīlāni), the establishment of the spirit of upholding the precepts and the advocacy of the ten common precepts. Thirdly, the coherent harmonization and application of the Bodhisattva precepts, such as the development of precept initiation ceremonies. Fourthly, the focus on the importance of lay Bodhisattvas’ learning of the Bodhisattva practice.
In order to evaluate whether this heritage of the transmission of precepts has the ability to achieve the expected goals in the future, “Bodhi-citta” (the aspiration of the mind) should be emphasized as the foundation of the Bodhisattva precepts, and then to discuss the relevant issues of whether to take the precepts and then to put the learning of the precepts into practice. It is proposed to start with the above as a basis, in order to establish a “theory of practice” that is concurrent with the modern times: 1. The establishment of the principles of practice — a detailed explanation of the basis of the Bodhisattva precepts, its foundation, the fundamental practice principles, standards and indicators. 2. The interpretation and development of the nature, the rules, the practices, and the characteristics of the Bodhisattva precepts. 3. The closely interconnectedness of the Bodhisattva precepts contemporary with the times and the method of propagation.
目次一、前言 47
二、聖嚴法師菩薩戒思想詮釋與面對的議題 48
(一)《戒律學綱要》、《菩薩戒指要》、日常開示的菩薩戒概念 48
1. 後設式解讀《戒律學綱要》49
2.《菩薩戒指要》制立新儀軌 54
(二)聖嚴法師菩薩戒思想所關懷的核心議題 58
1. 菩薩戒思想的形成 59
2. 菩薩戒議題 62
三、對於菩薩戒思想的詮定與再思考 66
(一)菩薩戒思想內涵的釐清 66
(二)大乘戒的觀念詮定與爭議問題 69
1. 由易而難的方便性 69
2. 十善業道做為共戒的原則性 74
四、對照菩薩戒文獻的詮解脈絡 83
(一)重新詮解文獻的必要性 83
(二)相關菩薩藏經論、戒本、儀軌 84
1. 漢譯菩薩戒經論文獻 84
2. 菩薩戒本依據 87
3. 儀軌作法:寬中之寬與寬中之嚴 90
(三)對照其他菩薩戒經論詮解內容 93
1. 大乘經論 93
2. 漢譯典籍之外的菩薩戒經論思想與儀軌 97
五、菩薩戒思想的詮釋特色與再發展 104
(一)詮釋特色與貢獻 104
(二)菩薩戒思想之再發展 105
六、結語 107
參考文獻 108
英文摘要 113
點閱次數235
建檔日期2020.09.08
更新日期2021.08.03










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