Jizang; Nāgārjuna; Nonduality; Speech; Sacred Silence; Doctrine of Twofold Truth
Jizang 吉藏 (549−623 CE), the key philosophical exponent of the Sanlun 三論 school of Chinese Buddhism, based his philosophy considerably on his reading of the works of Nāgārjuna (c. 150−250 CE), the founder of the Indian Madhyamaka school. However, there are salient features in his thought on language that are notably absent from the works. In this article, I present a philosophical analysis of Jizang’s views of the relationship between speech and silence and compare them with those of Nāgārjuna. It is shown that while Nāgārjuna leans toward affirming a clear-cut distinction between speech and ineffable quiescence, Jizang endorses the nonduality of conventional speech and sacred silence.
1 Introduction 1 2 Nāgārjuna: Distinguishing between Conventional Speech and Sacred Silence 3 3 Jizang: One Principle, Two Teachings 10 4 Jizang: The Nonduality of Speech and Silence 13 5 Concluding Remarks 17 References 18