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「萬方有罪,在予一人」 ── 談南朝懺法中的家國關懷="When Guilt Is Found Anywhere, Let It Rest on Me": Concern for the Homeland in Southern Dynasties Repentance Dharma
作者 紀志昌 (著)=Chi, Chih-chang (au.)
出處題名 清華學報
卷期v.48 n.1
出版日期2018.03
頁次31 - 72
出版者國立清華大學人文社會學院
出版者網址 http://www2.hss.nthu.edu.tw/bin/home.php
出版地新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項作者單位:國立中山大學中國文學系Department of Chinese Literature, National Sun Yat-sen University
關鍵詞南朝=Southern Dynasties; 禮懺=repentance ritual; 懺文=repentance texts; 菩薩行=Bodhisattva practice; 儒佛交涉=interactions between Confucianism and Buddhism; 家國意識=homeland consciousness
摘要禮懺思想的流行,是中國中古佛教發展的一大特色,當時禮懺多與帝王、士大夫所供施的信仰活動相結合,並依附著某種社會救濟之目的,可視為佛法從知識貴族廣布於庶民的介遞。本文以家國關懷的角度,觀察禮懺在中古流行的文化語境,包括其間之宗教心理意向(如捨身、贖罪),是否亦與當時禮懺的精神與目的相符應?方法上以比對懺文與所源出之經典為主。研究中發現,是類書寫多藉由體覺苦難而流露出惻憫的心境,最典型者莫過於作為齋主的王者,藉由祈願之淨化與療癒,導引出「以家刑國」的政治承擔與負荷眾生的「在予之意」,並透過懺法的實踐,共感於「身─家─國」場域。懺文中家國意識等語境的撰構,正是菩薩行「儒、佛雙兼」特色的說明。

The popularization of repentance ritual thought was a major feature in the development of Buddhism in China. During the Southern Dynasties, repentance ritual was combined with the religious activities of emperors and scholars for the purpose of providing social relief, and it became a means of propagating the dharma from knowledgeable aristocrats to commoners. This study examines repentance ritual from the perspective of a concern for the homeland. It pays close attention to the cultural contexts of repentance ritual that were popular in medieval times, including the religious intentions involved in repentance ritual. In terms of research method, this study focuses its investigation on repentance texts and the sutras on which they were based. It finds that these texts reveal a compassion that was arrived at through the perception of suffering, and also an intention to achieve purification through prayer. The most typical examples involve expressions of political commitment to "regulate families and govern states," to rescue all living creatures through the purification of the six senses, and to practice repentance dharma to stimulate the common field of "individual-family-country." The consciousness of family and country in repentance texts presents proof that "Bodhisattva practice" is featured in both Confucianism and Buddhism.
目次一、前論:問題的緣起 32
二、從禮懺的「共感」性原理談起 35
(一)「六根懺悔」的由自通他 35
(二)菩薩行之解怨釋結、自懺懺他 38
三、禮懺與君王之「捨身」 41
四、災與罪、苦的體察──禮懺流行的文化語境 48
五、家國格局的淨化與提昇 57
六、結論 65
引用書目 67
ISSN05779170 (P)
點閱次數21
建檔日期2020.11.05
更新日期2020.11.17










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