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와수반두(Vasubandhu, 世親)의 저작 및 사상적 귀속문제(1)=Against the theory of two Vasubandhus(1)
作者 이종철 (著)=Lee, Jong-cheol (au.)
出處題名 불교학연구=Korea Journal of Buddhist Studies
卷期v.6
出版日期2003.06
頁次281 - 310
出版者불교학연구회=佛教學研究會
出版者網址 http://www.kabs.re.kr/
出版地Daegu, South Korea [大邱, 韓國]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言韓文=Korean
關鍵詞와수반두=世親=Vasubandhu; 후라우와르너=Frauwallner; 슈미트하우젠=Schmithausen; 세친2인설=the theory of two Vasubandhus; 구사론=Abhidharmakośa; 파아품=Ātmavāda-pratiṣedha; 성업론=Karmasiddhi; 석궤론=Vyākhyāyukti; 연기경석=Pratītyasamutpādavyākhyā; 해심밀경=Saṃdhinirmocanasūtra; 입능가경=Laṅkāvatārasūtra; 뿌똥=Bu-ston
摘要 With the proposition of the "theory of two Vasubandhus" by E. Frauwallner and his disciple Schmithausen, it became no longer possible for researchers in the field of Buddhist studies to avoid an important philological question regarding the works of Vasubandhu: Of those texts that have traditionally been handed down in China and Tibet as works of Vasubandhu, which were in fact ascribable as the real works of Vasubandhu-the-author-of-theAbhidharmakośa?
Even though there is general agreement among Buddhist scholars that among Vasubandhu's works the treatise Vyākhyāyukti is one whose study is essential to the understanding of the process of development and transformation in Vasubandhu's thought, the fact is that the work remains for the large part neglected, due to the absence of both the Sanskrit original and the Chinese translation version. Given this situation, I have attempted in this article, to trace and follow up on the process of the unfolding of Vasubandhu's thought from its Abhidharma Buddhism background to its eventual Mahāyāna orientation, based on a detailed analysis of the Vyākhyāyukti, all the while assuming that there was in fact only "one Vasubandhu" all along.
In this article, I begin with a philological overview of Vasubandhu's major works as the logical starting point for the study of Vasubandhu's thought. In so doing I bear out the fact that traditional Chinese and Tibetan theories on the facts concerning Vasubandhu's life are closer to the historical truth than the "theory of two Vasubandhus". Methodologically, I take Vasubandhu-the author-of-the Abhidharmakośa-kārikā as my beginning point of reference, and then follow as guideline Vasubandhu's own allusions to related texts. Based on these sources, I draw up a definitive list of Vasubandhu's works, which may be organized as follows:
Vasubandhu, the author of the Abhidharmakośa-kārikā went on to write the Abhidharmakośa-bhāṣya, and later the Vyākhyāyukti, the Karmasiddhi, the Pratītyasamutpāda-vyākhyā, in that order.
The Vyākhyāyukti is a treatise which sets down the hermeneu- tical guidelines for accepting not only the early Agamas, but also the later Mahāyāna scriptures as the original teachings of the Buddha himself. In the work, Vasubandhu refutes the Hīnayāna claim that the Mahāyānist scriptures cannot be ascribed as having been the actual words of the Buddha, arguing that such Mahāyāna texts as the Prajñāpāramitā-sūtra be accepted as authentic teachings of the Buddha himself, based on the hermeneutical principle of abhiprāya ("hidden meaning"). Moreover, we see that in explicating the hidden meaning contained in the Mahāyāna scriptures, Vasubandhu takes recourse to sutras which allegedly reveal the full intentions of the Buddha (Ch. liao-i ching), such as the Saṃdhinirmocana-sūtra and the Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra, thus introducing Vijñānavādin theories into his system in the process.
From this we can gather that Vasubandhu was already making his mark as a thinker belonging to the Mahayana Vijñānavādin school at the time of writing the Vyākhyāyukti. Thus, thanks to the Vyākhyāyukti, we are now able to understand more systematically the beginnings of Vasubandhu's intellectual leanings toward Mahayana, the facts surrounding which we were hitherto only able to glean in fragments through the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya.
目次I. 들어가는 말 281
II. 『俱舍論』「破我品」의 성립과정 및 성격 283
III. 『成業論』의 記述 289
IV. 『緣起經釋』の 記述 294
1. 十二支緣起 가운데 行支에 관하여 294
첫째, 身業(kāya-karman)에 관하여 296
둘째, 語業(vāk-karman)에 관하여 297
셋째, 意業(manas-karman)에 관하여 298
2. 十二支緣起 가운데 識支에 관해서 300
V. 맺음말 304
ISSN15980642 (P)
點閱次數86
建檔日期2021.04.07
更新日期2021.04.07










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