This paper, which deals with Kamakura New Buddhism, falls into two parts. The first concerns my own model for understanding Kamakura New Buddhism, based upon a critical distinction between two types of Buddhist monk, kansō 官僧 and tonseisō 遁世僧. In the second part, I apply this model to the salvation of women, comparing the different attitudes to the issue taken by the kansō and tonseisō. I introduce my own model in the hope that it will provide a better understanding of Kamakura New Buddhism. Before explaining my own model, however, I offer a survey of research on this topic in particular, the well-known Exoteric-Esoteric model of Kuroda Toshio.
Beyond the exoteric-esoteric model 369 The kansd and tonseisd model 371 The kanso 371 The tonseiso 372 Shinran as a Tonseiso 374 On the salvation of women 374 Kanso and the salvation of women 376 Official nuns and their exclusion from state ordination 376 Exclusion from the Dharma anointment 377 Eizon's biography 378 The salvation of women in Eizon's order 379 Conclusion 380