WSTB: Wiener Studien zur Tibetologie und Buddhismuskunde
We are now in a new phase of Buddhist studies, one in which scholars of Buddhist logic and epistemology should pay attention to the fact that Buddhist thought is different in different places, shaped by the different cultures of these different places, many of which are quite distant from the place of origin. Gradually, in recent years, scholars have come to appreciate better the importance and the challenge of understanding how Buddhist thought, when transmitted outside of its place of origin, is transformed by the culture of those to whom it is transmitted. This book consists of nine chapters written by scholars who feel it necessary to throw new light on the intellectual heritage of Buddhist logic and epistemology, preserved in various places from South to East Asia. Texts investigated in this volume include earlier Buddhist texts on logic such as the Upāyahṛdaya and the Tarkaśāstra, Dignāga's Nyāyamukha and Pramāṇasaumuccaya, Bhāviveka's Dasheng zhangzhen lun, and various yinming/inmyō materials written by Xuanzang's disciples and other East Asian Buddhist monks.
Introduction 7 A Reconsideration of Pre-Dignāga Buddhist Texts on Logic – The *Upāyahṛdaya, the Dialectical Portion of the Spitzer Manuscript and the*Tarkaśāstra 19 The Emergence of the Canonical Indian Syllogism as Revealed by Early Chinese Buddhist Texts 53 Dignāga on the Nyāya Definition of Inference – A Discussion of Selected Passages from the Viewpoint of Reconstructing the Pramāṇasamuccaya 71 On a Fragment of Dignāga’s Nyāyamukha 93 On the Concept of nyūna in Dignāga’s Theory of Fallacy 151 Pre-Dharmakīrti Interpretations of Dignāga’s Theory of pakṣābhāsa 181 Bhāviveka’s *Hastaratna on the Vaiśeṣika Argument of Śabda Being Impermanent – Once Again on Bhāviveka vs. Candrānanda 235 Kuiji’s Analysis of the Four Kinds of Contradictory Reasons 261 Was There a Dispute between Dharmapāla and Bhāviveka? – East Asian Discussions on the Historicity of the Proofs of Śūnyatā 287