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東晉南朝禮懺之型態與發展歷程研究=A Study on the Form and Development of Repentance Ritual in the Eastern Jin and Southern Dynasties
作者 紀志昌 (著)=Chi, Chih-chang (au.)
出處題名 成大中文學報=Journal of Chinese Literature of National Cheng Kung University
卷期n.66
出版日期2019.09.01
頁次77 - 116
出版者國立成功大學中國文學系=Department of Chinese Literature of NCKU
出版者網址 http://www.chinese.ncku.edu.tw/
出版地臺南市, 臺灣 [Tainan shih, Taiwan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言中文=Chinese
附註項作者為國立中山大學中國文學系教授。
關鍵詞禮懺=Repentance Ritual; 布薩=Poṣadha; 八關齋=Eight Precepts; 菩薩戒=Doctrine of the Bodhisattva; 大乘化=Promotion of Mahayana Buddhism
摘要本文要在從形式元素推敲南朝「禮懺」的形成,如何從早期僧團布薩懺悔演變至大乘佛教的禮懺儀。誠如吾人所知,原始佛教並無禮懺,世尊只以布薩定規行者作為懺悔的主要方式,初期中土佛教於禮懺的記事不明,至南朝末期則漸成型,足見此間之流衍仍有再作釐清與疏理的必要。禮懺完整意義的成立,並不只是懺悔方式的轉變,更是懺悔精神的擴大,此仍當以菩薩戒的傳入與相關大乘行法的制定最為關鍵。整體來看,南朝禮懺在規模上可有小、大,在場合應用上亦有例行性與特例性之分,雖然各懺儀所依之經典、法門、目的各有不同,卻都同樣蘊涵有強烈的功德轉讓觀念,亦皆與佛教於中土的大乘化運動相表裡。至於禮懺文化的流行也可能反過來與固有的經論義理相會通,各等行門在相互附益之下更使得懺法有著多元而適事的增衍趨勢。

This essay examines the formation of "Repentance Rituals" in the Southern Dynasty based on the formal elements, and to investigate how the repentance of Poṣadha Buddhist monastics evolved to the repentance ritual of Mahayana Buddhism. Since Primitive Buddhism has no repentance ritual, and Buddha has stipulated Poṣadha as the main mode for repentance rituals. The repentance ritual form of initial Middle-Earth Buddhist' record of repentance rituals was ambiguous, it was gradually forming by the end of the Southern Dynasty, which showed that there was still a need to clarify. The repentance ritual not only changed the mode but expanded the spirit of repentance, which should still be the crucial point of the introduction to doctrine of the Bodhisattva and the formulation of the relevant Mahayana. In short, the scale of repentance rituals in the Southern Dynasty can be small or large, as well as routine and special in occasion application. Although the rituals, methods and purposes of each repentance are different, but they all contain intense concept of transference merits and virtues, which is also reflected on the "promotion of Mahayana Buddhism" movement fowards the Middle-Earth Buddhist'. As for The popularization of repentance ritual culture might also be associated with the meanings of existing classics. The mutual complementation of various sects further enabled repentance practices to be developed in a diversified manner.
目次一、前論:傳統「布薩」在中土發展的情形 81
(一)從道安「三例」說起 81
(二)從在家布薩到「八關齋」 83
二、懺法大乘化的重大指標─佛前懺悔、懺悔書寫與代懺 87
三、禮懺之型態與分類 92
(一)常例性的佛前禮懺 94
(二)特例性應用之禮懺─以菩薩戒傳入前為例 96
(三)依大乘行法制定之禮懺儀的正式成立 100
四、禮懺元素的再附益、增廣 104
五、總結 109

ISSN18170021 (P)
DOI10.29907/JRTR
點閱次數1
建檔日期2022.08.12
更新日期2022.08.12










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