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中国南北朝期における止観=The Practice of Meditative Cessation and Observation (zhiguan 止観) in China’s Northern and Southern Dynasties Period
作者 山口弘江 (著)=Yamaguchi, Hiroe (au.)
出處題名 印度學佛教學研究 =Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies=Indogaku Bukkyōgaku Kenkyū
卷期v.68 n.2 (總號=n.150)
出版日期2020.03.20
頁次804 - 810
出版者日本印度学仏教学会
出版者網址 http://www.jaibs.jp/
出版地東京, 日本 [Tokyo, Japan]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言日文=Japanese
關鍵詞止観; śamatha; vipaśyanā; 六息念; 『維摩経』
摘要The most famous practice of meditative cessation and observation in East Asia was the Tiantai system called zhiguan 止観, established by Tiantai Zhiyi 天台智顗 (538–597). Moreover, the type of zhiguan taught in the section on the aspect of practice and the attitude of faith within the Dasheng qi xin lun 大乗起信論 (Awakening of Mahāyāna Faith), which in recently years has been shown to have been produced in northern China, was important since it greatly influenced the later Buddhist world. It is thought that the reception and proliferation of zhiguan in the Northern and Southern Dynasties period occurred with the background of this meditative practice.

Zhiguan is generally regarded as a translation of śamatha and vipaśyanā, but the source terms were not limited to these. In addition to examples that correspond to sthāna and upalakṣaṇā (listed among the the six breath meditations or liu xinian 六息念), similarly the parts translated as zhiguan in the Chinese translations of the Vimalakīrtinirdeśa by Zhi Qian, Kumārajīva and Xuanzang are all identified as śamatha-vidarśanā in the corresponding Sanskrit text. Having rendered zhiguan from different source words, awareness of the differences in the original vocabulary were lost in the interpretations by Chinese monks. We can consider this one reason underlying the development of the unique system of zhiguan in East Asia.
目次一 はじめに 804
二 先行研究に指摘される「止観」の用例 804
三 漢訳経論にみる「止観」の用例 806
四 「止観」の原語に関する諸問題 807
五 おわりに 809
ISSN00194344 (P); 18840051 (E)
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.4259/ibk.68.2_804
點閱次數63
建檔日期2022.09.27
更新日期2022.09.27










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