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How King Rāmādhipati Handled His Boundary Case: Sīmā, Sāsana, and Buddhist Law
作者 Carbine, Jason A. (著)
出處題名 Buddhism, Law & Society
卷期v.1
出版日期2015-16
頁次105 - 164
出版者University at Buffalo; William S. Hein & Co., Inc.
出版者網址 https://www.law.buffalo.edu/
出版地Buffalo, NY, US [水牛城, 紐約州, 美國]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言英文=English
關鍵詞monastic law; vinicchaya (regulation or judgment); sīmā (boundary); sāsana (religion); sīmāvipatti (failure in the formation of a boundary); parisavipatti (failure in the formation of a quorum either agreeing on, or using, such a boundary); Kalyāṇī inscriptions; King Rāmādhipati/Dhammacetī/Dhammazedi
摘要This paper examines certain aspects of Buddhist law in 15th century Rāmaññadesa, a region in what is now lower Myanmar. Specifically, it studies the structure and content of a legal judgment (vinicchaya) concerning sīmās (boundaries for acts of the community) by the Mon king, Rāmādhipati, and learned monks. This judgment formed the backdrop to the establishment of what became the famous Kalyāṇī Sīmā, a religious site still active today. The king was disturbed by the amount of monastic fragmentation and ritual impropriety in his domain and was intent upon correcting the situation. He accomplished this through a boundary (sīmā) case that rested on a technical appeal to a range of Pali language source materials and by applying ideas and definitions from those sources to the purported boundary practices in his land. As such, the boundary case exemplifies a pattern within some of the historically dominant legal cultures of Sri Lanka and mainland Southeast Asia, wherein the responsible Buddhist king is expected to inject state authority into monastic affairs when appropriate. In exploring Rāmādhipati’s boundary case, the paper first attends to basic vocabulary and ideas about monastic boundaries and briefly highlights the profound historical legacy of the case. Then, from the perspective of Rāmādhipati’s boundary case, the paper presents detailed information of how to establish a boundary, on land or on water, and with what kinds of methods. Ultimately, the paper shows how Rāmādhipati’s efforts to de-legitimize many, if not most, of the monks in his realm was articulated in the midst of his efforts to centralize the monastic community. Not he, but the various monastic communities in and of themselves had impugned their own validity, because they had not adhered to the legal parameters of proper monastic ritual activity and succession. By delineating the rules for creating boundaries for acts of the monastic community, Rāmādhipati pointed out that the laxities in his domain had created lineage problems with most if not all ordinations. If there is one basic legal premise underpinning Rāmādhipati’s boundary case, perhaps it is that the monks are not protected by their ignorance of ritual errors, wherever or whenever such errors may be lurking in their ordination past. The conclusion to the paper draws attention to how Rāmādhipati’s boundary case helps us to understand certain aspects of the Buddhist legal world of Sri Lanka and mainland Southeast Asia.
目次Abstract 105
I. Introduction 106
Additional Basic Ideas and Vocabulary 108
The Historical Legacy of the Legal Case 110
The Organization of This Paper 112
II. The Boundary Case: Text and Law 113
The Inscriptions as a Buddhist Historiographic Text 114
The Inscriptions as a Text Concerning Buddhist Law 115
III. The Boundary Case 120
Historical Frame 120
The Five Scenarios 122
Ruling of the Disciplinary Code 127
The Five Scenarios, Revisited 140
The New Sīmā 145
Agreement for Rules of the Community 149
IV. Conclusions 150
Appendix 156
Bibliography 160
ISSN24759260 (P); 24759279 (E)
點閱次數112
建檔日期2023.04.12
更新日期2023.04.12










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