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Asbestos and Salamander in India
作者 Szántó, Péter-Dániel (著)
出處題名 Indo-Iranian Journal
卷期v.63 n.4
出版日期2020.11
頁次335 - 370
出版者Brill
出版者網址 http://www.brill.com/
出版地Leiden, the Netherlands [萊登, 荷蘭]
資料類型期刊論文=Journal Article
使用語言英文=English
附註項Author Affiliation: Universiteit Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands
關鍵詞agniśauca; asbestos; South Asian material culture; Sanskrit lexicography; kāvya; purāṇa; Buddhism
摘要The present paper, an homage to B. Laufer’s “Asbestos and Salamander” (1915), adds South Asia to the story of a remarkable Eurasian cultural meme meant to explain the presence of fire-proof cloth after its manufacturing technology was forgotten, namely that asbestos was the fur of a mythical animal. I argue that none of our Sanskrit dictionaries contain the correct meaning of the term agniśauca, which does indeed mean asbestos. The widely shared motif explains why in Sanskrit literature too we have animals (a nondescript mṛga) by the same name. I examine textual passages from kāvya, purāṇas, as well as Buddhist sūtras and śāstras, to elucidate this topic. I also cite some evidence that in the period between the 9th and the 11th c. some areas of India still possessed knowledge of asbestos manufacturing. However, as for where and when the correlation was first made, I must leave the question open.
目次Abstract 335
1 Introduction: What Is agniśauca? 335
2 The Petersburg Dictionary Family 336
3 Monier-Williams 338
4 Apte 340
5 The Pune Dictionary 341
6 Further Buddhist Sources 347
7 Asbestos (and Fire-Rat or Salamander) 352
8 India 355
Acknowledgments 360
Note 361
References 361
ISSN00197246 (P); 15728536 (E)
DOI10.1163/15728536-06304002
點閱次數39
建檔日期2023.07.11
更新日期2023.07.13










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